Bài ôn Anh 9

Thứ ba - 08/01/2019 07:51
Tiếng Anh 9 theo từng đơin vị bài học Unit 1
UNIT 1: A VISIT FROM A PEN PAL
VOCABULARY
1. Getting started
- Foreign (adj): thuộc nước ngoài - Pen pal (n)                      bạn qua thư
 
2. Listen and read
- correspond (v):   
- modern (adj):
- impress (v):    
- beauty (n):      
- friendliness (n):    
- Mausoleum (n):  
- museum (n): 
- temple (n):  
- Temple of Literature (n): 
- park (n):   
- lake (n):
- mosque (n):  
- Primary school (n):                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
trao đổi thư từ
hiện đại
ấn tượng
cảnh đẹp, vẻ đẹp
sự thân thiện
lăng
viện bảo tàng
đền, điện
Văn Miếu
công viên
hồ
nhà thờ Hồi giáo
trường tiểu học
- peaceful (adj):    
- atmosphere (n): 
- pray (v):         
- vacation (n):    
- at the end of …   
- abroad (adv):      
- depend on (v):     
- keep in touch (v):  
- be different from: 
- area (n):     
- recreation (n):
- worship (n):   
- all the above:                                                                                                                                                                        
yên bình, yên tĩnh
không khí
cầu nguyện
kỳ nghỉ
vào cuối …
ở hoặc ra nước ngoài
phụ thuộc vào
giữ liên lạc
khác với
diện tích, khu vực
sự giải trí, tiêu khiển
sự thờ phụng, tôn kính
tất cả những điều nói trên
 
3. Speak
- Introduce (v):  
- interesting (adj):       
- capital (n):   
- industrial (adj):                                                                   
giới thiệu
hấp dẫn, thú vị
thủ đô
thuộc công nghiệp
- quiet (adj):
- church (n):  
- especially (adv):                                                  
yên tĩnh
nhà thờ
đặc biệt là
 
4. Listen
- restaurant (n):    
- downtown (n):  
- go through (v):  
- catch (v):     
- close to (adj):                                                                                              
nhà hàng
khu phố chính
đi qua
bắt, bắt kịp
gần với
- pond (n):   
- park-keeper (n):        
- sign (n):        
- Mexico → Mexican:
- exactly (adv):                                            
hồ, ao
người trông công viên
ký hiệu, bảng hiệu

chính xác
 
5. Read

ệộốĐ
- religion (n):                 tôn giáo
- in addition:                  ngoài ra
- be divided into:      
- region (n):   
- separate (v):   
- comprise (v):
- tropical (adj):  
- climate (n):       
- unit of currency (n):  
- consist of (v):  
- population (n):    
- Islam (n):       
- official (adj):                                                                                                                                                                                  
được chia thành
khu vực, miền
tách rời ra, phân ra
bao gồm
nhiệt đới
khí hậu
đơn vị tiền tệ
gồm có
dân số
Đạo Hồi
chính thức
- Buddhism (n):        
- Hinduism (n):
- national language (n):  
- simply (adv):      
- widely (adv):      
- instruction (n):     
- primary language (n):  
- secondary school (n):  
- compulsory (adj): 
- second language (n):                                             
Đạo Phật
Đạo Ấn, Ấn Độ giáo
quốc ngữ
một cách đơn giản
một cách rộng rãi
sự hướng dẫn
ngôn ngữ chính
trường trung học cơ sỏ
bắt buộc
ngôn ngữ thứ hai
       
 
6. Write
- outline (n):                        đề cương, dàn bài - mention (v):               đề cập, nhắc đến
 
Language focus
- Ghost (n):          
- monster (n):    
- concert (n):       
- camp (n):        
- play (n):         
- farewell party (n):                                                       
ma
quái vật
buổi hòa nhạc
buổi cắm trại
vở kịch
tiệc chia tay
- go shopping (v):      
- make a cake (v):     
- hang (v):      
- swimming pool (n):   
- soccer match (n):     
- hometown (n):                                        
đi mua sắm
làm bánh
treo
hồ bơi
trận bóng đá
quê nhà
- Youth and Young Pioneer Associations:
Đội Thiếu niên Tiền phong
- badly (adv):              xấu, tồi tệ
WISH SENTENCES (CAÂU ÖÔÙC)
Ñieàu öôùc khoâng coù thaät ôû hieän taïi
S + wish + S +     WERE
                Ved / V2
                             didn’t + V


 
 
           
                       


                     EX:        
                                    She is not tall. " she wishes she were tall.
 
 

            I don’t know his telephone number. " I wish I knew his telephone number.
 
  • khi có: I’m sorry/ What’s a pity/ It’s a pity/… bỏ qua khi chuyển sang câu với “wish
  • nếu câu nêu ý ở dạng khẳng định khi chuyển sang với wish ta đổi thành câu chủ động và ngược lại
  • câu phủ định với any khi chuyển sang câu với “wish”ta đổi thành some
  • S + would like/ love + O + To V1 g I wish + S + V2/ed    (boû would like / love laáy ñoäng töø coù “to” chuyeån thaønh ñoäng töø ôû coät 2 hoaëc theâm ED)
 
 
 S + don’t /doesn’t + Vo………..

  -  S + wish +   S + V2/Ved   …..

  S + am/ is/ are  + not…………….

 - S + wish +   S + were + ………….


 
 
S + Vo/Vs/ Ves + ………..

- S + wish +   S + didn’t +Vo+ …

 S + am/ is/ are + ………..

- S + wish +   S + were + not +……….
                
 
 






Ngoài cách trên người ta còn sử dụng từ trái nghĩa để viết thành câu với WISH
Ex: Lan is bad at English à Lan wishes she weren’t bad at Engkish    ( Cách 1 dùng thể phủ định is à weren’t)
                                Hoặc:  Lan wishes she were good at English       ( Cách 2 dùng từ trái nghĩa bad à good)
Một số từ trái nghĩa:
            bad à good                            hot à warm / cool                 tired à well / fine      
            difficult à easy                      short à tall                            long à short
            heavy à light                         expensive à cheap                 slow / slowly à quick / quickly
            lazy à hard – working                      urgly à beautiful                   old à new (vật)/ young (người)
            thin à fat (người) / thick (vật)                                                                      
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of verb in parentheses
  1. I wish  I ( live) ……………. near my school.           
  2. I wish  I ( know) ……………. her address.
  3. I wish  I ( be ) ……………. taller.                            
  4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
  5. She wishes her father ( be ) ……………. here now to help her.
  6. I wish  I ( have ) ……………………….. more time to do this  job.
  7. The teacher wishes you ( work )…………. more than (talk )………………….
  8. I wish I ( not live )…………………….. in such a noisy city.
  9. I wish I (have )……………………. enough  money to buy this book.
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
Ví dụ: I don’t know many English words. à I wish I knew many English words.
  1. I don’t have time to go around the city.
  2. à I wish...................................................................................................................................................
  3. We don’t have a computer therefore we cannot get access to the Internet.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. My friend doesn’t have money to repair his bicycle.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................................................
  1. My students don’t speak English fluently.
àI wish ...............................................................................
  1. My students write lessons slowly.
à I wish ..........................................................................................
  1. The exercises are long.
à I wish ...........................................................................................................
  1. The film is boring.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................
  1. The weather is very hot today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My motorcycle is very old.
à I wish .....................................................................................................
  1. Everybody in our village is poor.
à I wish ...........................................................................................
  1. My son plays video games during the day.
à I wish .............................................................................
  1. He gets up late for class today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My family live in a small house.
à I wish .............................................................................................
  1. This student doesn’t go to school on time.
à I wish .................................................................................
  1. Many people in Viet Nam don’t have a house.
à I wish .......................................................................
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
  1. I’m sorry I don’t have much money. à I wish....................................................................................
  2. What a pity Mary doesn’t understand me.   àI wish................................................ ......................
  3. I’m sorry I get bad marks.  à I wish......................................................
  4. What a pity the weather isn’t fine today. à I wish.........................................................................
  5. Sorry I forget your birthday à I wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  6. My mother never has an interesting party. à I wish ………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. My father is sick today (well)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  8. These exercises are very long (short)à  We wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. My students are very lazy (hard working)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. Her bicycle is old (new) à She wishes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

USED TO / BE USED TO
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, không còn lưu lại ở hiện tại:

S + used to + V0

 
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen hay một sự thích nghi ở hiện tại  

S + be / get used to + Ving

 
  1. Khi viết lại câu chuyển từ quá khứ đơn sang used to ta chuyển động từ từ quá khứ đơn “V2 / ed sang động từ nguyên mẫu và bỏ các trạng từ chỉ thời gian (always , usually, often …)nếu có
Ví dụ:  I sometimes went to the market with my grandma when I was young.
       à I used to go to the market with my grandma when I was young

EXERCISE: Use “used to” or “be used to”
 
1. They are used to /used to go to Da lat in Summer.
2. They are used to / used to playing soccer in the park.
3. I am used  to / used to getting up early.
4. Tom is used to / used to .do his homework in the evening.
5. Lan is used to / used to writing to Maryam.
6. He is used to / used to work at night.
7. Did they use to /Are they used to watching T.V?
8. Is she used to / Did she use to playing badminton?
9. My father is used to / used to come home late.
10. She is used to / used to go swimming in the afternoon.

EXERCISE: Rewrite the following sentences with “used to”:
 
  1. They lived in Ha Noi some years ago.à ………………………………………………
  2. John stopped smokingà ……………………………………………………………………………
  3. Miss Chi taught us English when we were students à ……………………………………………………
  1. Ronaldo was a football player 10 years agoà …………………………………………………………
  2. My father often took me to the city when I was a child
à ……………………………………………………………………………
 
  1. He was a secretary for my companyà ………………………………………………………
7. Linda is no longer late in class.à Linda used………………………………………………………
8. Her brother no longer smokes cigarettes. à Her brother used …………………………………………
9. He often fed the pigs when he was young.      à He used ………………………………………………
10. This city had old buildings, but none can be found nowadays.
 à There used ………………………………………………………
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of the verbs:  
 
  1. He used to (eat) ______________ . dinner at 5 o’clock
  2. When I was young, I used to (swim) _______________
  3. He used to (like) ______________ her , but he doesn’t any more.
  4. Don’t worry. Some day you will get used to (speak) ______________ English.
  5. She can’t get used to (study) ________________
  6. He used to (dance) ______________ every night, but now he studies.
  7. She is used to (sleep) _________________ late on weekends.
  8. Mary is used to  (eat) ________________ Chinese food now.
  9. She finally got used to (eat) _______________ our food.
  10. John is used to (swim) ________________ every day.
  11. George is used to (eat) __________________ at 7:oo pm
  12. We (got used to (cook) _________________ our own food when we had to live alone.
  13. Mary was used to (drive) _________________ to school
  14. I have tried but I can’t get used to  (live) ____________ with such a man.
  15. I found it hard to get used to (work) ______________ with him at first.
  16. These foods are used to (feed) ________________ the animals.
  17. The man is used to (read) ________________ his newspaper in the morning.
  18. The government used to (restrict )________________ these pills.
  19. John was used to …………..(eat) at noon when he started school .
  20. We used to …………….. (eat ) breakfast at six o’clock.
  21. When Mary was young . She used to …………...(swim) every day.
  22. Ben used to ………..…(like) Helen, but he doesn’t any more.
  23. Don’t worry. Some day you will be used to ………..(speak) Span.
  24. Mai can’t be used to ………………(work)
  25. Peter used to …………..…(dance) every night ,but now he studies.
  26. Hoa is used to ………..…(sleep) late on weekends.

TEST YOURSELF 1
<I>     Pronunciation.
 Find the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced different from the others
1/ a. invite                                           b. pick                      c. ticket               d. kitchen
2/ a. lock                                  b. shock                    c. block               d. program
3/ a. bad                                    b. sad                       c. day                  d. catch
4/ a. greet                                b. teeth                                 c. deer                d. knee
5/ a. sign                                  b. high                      c. sit                    d. mind
<II>  Find the one choice that best completes the sentences
  <A> Vocabulary.
6/ I love this city ! The sights  of it make a deep _____  on me.
   a. impress                             b. impressed                c. impressing               d. impression
7/ Miss Hoa is very ______. She goes to church every morning.
  a. religious                             b. religiously               c. religion                    d. religioner
8/ My pen-pal and I have corresponded for over 2 years and we really enjoy our______   
   a. friend                                b. friendly                    c. friendship                d. friendily
9/ The ______ religion of Malaysia is Islam.
 a. office                                  b. official                     c. officer                      d. offician
10/ Like VietNam, Malaysia is a _____country.
  a. tropical                               b. tropie                       c. tropies                      d. tropically
11/ The Malaysia unit of currency is the______                         .
  a. riel                         b. dollar                                   c. ringgit                      d. pesco
12/ We often have a summer______        
  a. holiday                               b. vacation                   c. semester                  d. a and b are correct
13/ You can take part in sports activities or not that depends on you. It’s _______
  a. optional                              b. forceful                    c. compulsory  d. required
14/ Mai is a Buddhist. She often goes to  ______to pray.
  a. church                                b. pagoda                     c. temple                     d. mosque
 <B> Grammar & structures.
15/ It’s very kind_____you to help us. Thanks  a lot
  a. for                                      b. to                             c.with                           d. of
16/ The hospital building is divided_____four sections
  a. in                                       b. into                         c. to                             d. about
17/ Did he ____ live in the country when he was young?
  a. use to                                 b. used to                     c. get used to               d. be used to
 18/ Tam wishes his father____here now.
  a. is                                        b. were                                    c. will be                      d. would be
19/ What is pity! Lan can’t come with us. We all wish she _____
  a. would                                 b. should                      c. could                                    d. can
20/ I wish I _____get good marks for the coming exam.
  a. can                                                 b. could                       c. should                      d. will
21/ When I was a child, my family______ go to Dalat for summer vacation.
a. are used to                           b. get used to               c. use to                       d.used to
22/ He is a small boy. He has to depend ______his parents.
  a. on                                      b. to                             c. with                          d. for
23/ Maryam was really impressed ______  the beauty of the city.
  a. of                                       b. by                            c. with                          d. for
24/ We were having dinner when the telephone______                    .
  a. ring                                    b. ringing                     c. rang                                     d. was ringing
25/ I wish I were a little taller. I______too short.
  a. am                                      b. was                          c.were                         d. would be
26/ Tom wishes he could help his sister with her homework, but he______           
  a. could                                  b. can                           c. couldn’t                   d. can’t
27/ What do you do? I ______
  a. have a party                       b. am a worker                        c. play tennis               d. will go out
28/ She arrived______  four o’clock ______ the afternoon.
  a. at / on                                 b. in / in                       c. at / in                        d. on / in
29/ He was a tennis player when he was young. He_____tennis when he was young
  a. plays                                  b. used to play                         c. has player                d. likes to play
30/ My sister is studying hard______her exam.
  a. in                                       b. for                            c. at                              d. to
31/ I used to go to school in the afternoon, but now I _____any more.
  a. don’t                                  b. do                            c. didn’t                       d. did
32/ It rained heavily while I_____  last night.
  a. sleep                                  b. slept                                     c. sleeping                   d. was sleeping
33/We wish he could go to the cinema with us. But he ____. What a pity!
  a. can                                     b. can’t                                    c. could                        d. couldn’t
34/ I_____school at the age of six in the countryside.
  a. start                                    b. had started               c. started                      d. starting
35/ I have studied English _____ more than three years.

  a. for                                      b. in                             c. since                                    d. at
36/ Hurry up! We don’t have enough time. If only we______more time we could take some more photographs.
  a. had                                                 b. have                        c. had had                    d. would have.
37/ _____ does it take to get to Liverpool from here?
  a. how high                            b. how long                 c. how much                d. how often
38/ I have a pet dog and my friend______too.
  a. have one                            b. has it                        c. has one                    d. have it
39/ Every afternoon she ______for a walk in the garden.
  a. will go                                b.is going                     c. goes                         d. have gone
40/ Each of the football players ______  over 150 pounds.
  a. weigh                                 b. weighs                     c. are weighing       d. weights
<III>  Identifying mistakes.
Choose the underlined words or phrases that are not correct in standard written English.
41/ She wishes he will stop making noise when she is working.
                                  a              b                     c                    d
42/ Tom uses to wear glasses, but he doesn’t now.
                  a                     b                            c          d
43/ This book consists about three parts: introduction, development and conclusion.
         a                                  b        c                                                        d    
44/ Mai and me would like to join the English speaking club.                                                                                        
                       a     b        c                                      d
45/ During the game, the rain starting so we had to stop suddenly.
            a                                            b                       c                    d
46/ When will you spend your summer vacation? In Nha Trang.
         a                        b                                c         d              
47/ He is not enough tall to reach the top shelf. He wishes he were taller.                                
                                 a             b                                                  c         d                               
48/ There is an English examination in Friday November the twentieth.
                a    b                                         c                                d
49/ He speaks French so I couldn’t understand. I wish I could understand him.
                a                   b          c                                          d
50/ Childs mustn’t cross busy streets which are full of traffic.
          a          b                                                  c          d
<IV> Reading comprehension.
Read the passage carefully. Then decide whether each of the statements below is TRUE (T), or FALSE (F).
Indonesia is an island nation in Southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of Indonesia. It is a member country of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The country's total area is 1,904,443 sq km. Like Vietnam and other countries in Southeast Asia, Indonesia enjoys tropical climate. The rupiah is the official monetary unit of Indonesia, consisting of 100 sen.
The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta and it is also the largest city in the country. Other big cities are Bandung, Surabaya, Medan, Palembang... The population in 2004 was about 238,500,000. Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States. Islam, which is over eighty per cent of the population practice, is the country's official religion. In addition, there are other religions such as Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism...
The national language is Bahasa Indonesia, which is a modified form of Malay. Besides, about 300 other languages and dialects are spoken. English is increasingly used as the language of business.
 
  1. Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia.                                          _____
  2. All the countries in Southeast Asia enjoy tropical climate.            _____   
  3. Islam is the only official religion in Indonesia.                               _____
  4. There are more people in Indonesia than in the USA.                    _____
  5. Indonesia is one of the countries of ASEAN.                                _____
  6. The Indonesian unit of currency is sen.                                          _____   
  7. Islam is the most common religion in Indonesia.                            _____
  8. Bahasa Indonesia is the only language spoken in Indonesia.         _____
Use the following cues to write a letter to your friend:
    I / arrive / Thap Cham train station / 2 pm late last Saturday. My uncle Hung / meet me there. He/ take/ me home / taxi.
    I/ visit/ the Cham Tower/ the beaches. I / go/ to Vinh Hy Beach, too. It / be/ beautiful. Yesterday my uncle / I / go / Phan Rang supermarket.  I / buy / lot / souvenirs there. I / eat/ lots/ food. I / enjoy/  it very much.I like grapes/ best.
      I/ leave/ Phan Rang next Saturday. I/ happy. People in Phan Rang/ be/  very nice/ friendly. The food / / be/ delicious and the air / be/ pure. The train /arrive home / 7 pm. Please pick me up at Hanoi train station.
Start your letter like this: 
Dear Nga,
……….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………
    I’m looking forward to seeing you soon.
    See you then.
    Love,
    Hoa

 
UNIT 1: A VISIT FROM A PEN PAL
VOCABULARY
1. Getting started
- Foreign (adj): thuộc nước ngoài - Pen pal (n)                      bạn qua thư
 
2. Listen and read
- correspond (v):   
- modern (adj):
- impress (v):    
- beauty (n):      
- friendliness (n):    
- Mausoleum (n):  
- museum (n): 
- temple (n):  
- Temple of Literature (n): 
- park (n):   
- lake (n):
- mosque (n):  
- Primary school (n):                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
trao đổi thư từ
hiện đại
ấn tượng
cảnh đẹp, vẻ đẹp
sự thân thiện
lăng
viện bảo tàng
đền, điện
Văn Miếu
công viên
hồ
nhà thờ Hồi giáo
trường tiểu học
- peaceful (adj):    
- atmosphere (n): 
- pray (v):         
- vacation (n):    
- at the end of …   
- abroad (adv):      
- depend on (v):     
- keep in touch (v):  
- be different from: 
- area (n):     
- recreation (n):
- worship (n):   
- all the above:                                                                                                                                                                        
yên bình, yên tĩnh
không khí
cầu nguyện
kỳ nghỉ
vào cuối …
ở hoặc ra nước ngoài
phụ thuộc vào
giữ liên lạc
khác với
diện tích, khu vực
sự giải trí, tiêu khiển
sự thờ phụng, tôn kính
tất cả những điều nói trên
 
3. Speak
- Introduce (v):  
- interesting (adj):       
- capital (n):   
- industrial (adj):                                                                   
giới thiệu
hấp dẫn, thú vị
thủ đô
thuộc công nghiệp
- quiet (adj):
- church (n):  
- especially (adv):                                                  
yên tĩnh
nhà thờ
đặc biệt là
 
4. Listen
- restaurant (n):    
- downtown (n):  
- go through (v):  
- catch (v):     
- close to (adj):                                                                                              
nhà hàng
khu phố chính
đi qua
bắt, bắt kịp
gần với
- pond (n):   
- park-keeper (n):        
- sign (n):        
- Mexico → Mexican:
- exactly (adv):                                            
hồ, ao
người trông công viên
ký hiệu, bảng hiệu

chính xác
 
5. Read

ệộốĐ
- religion (n):                 tôn giáo
- in addition:                  ngoài ra
- be divided into:      
- region (n):   
- separate (v):   
- comprise (v):
- tropical (adj):  
- climate (n):       
- unit of currency (n):  
- consist of (v):  
- population (n):    
- Islam (n):       
- official (adj):                                                                                                                                                                                  
được chia thành
khu vực, miền
tách rời ra, phân ra
bao gồm
nhiệt đới
khí hậu
đơn vị tiền tệ
gồm có
dân số
Đạo Hồi
chính thức
- Buddhism (n):        
- Hinduism (n):
- national language (n):  
- simply (adv):      
- widely (adv):      
- instruction (n):     
- primary language (n):  
- secondary school (n):  
- compulsory (adj): 
- second language (n):                                             
Đạo Phật
Đạo Ấn, Ấn Độ giáo
quốc ngữ
một cách đơn giản
một cách rộng rãi
sự hướng dẫn
ngôn ngữ chính
trường trung học cơ sỏ
bắt buộc
ngôn ngữ thứ hai
       
 
6. Write
- outline (n):                        đề cương, dàn bài - mention (v):               đề cập, nhắc đến
 
Language focus
- Ghost (n):          
- monster (n):    
- concert (n):       
- camp (n):        
- play (n):         
- farewell party (n):                                                       
ma
quái vật
buổi hòa nhạc
buổi cắm trại
vở kịch
tiệc chia tay
- go shopping (v):      
- make a cake (v):     
- hang (v):      
- swimming pool (n):   
- soccer match (n):     
- hometown (n):                                        
đi mua sắm
làm bánh
treo
hồ bơi
trận bóng đá
quê nhà
- Youth and Young Pioneer Associations:
Đội Thiếu niên Tiền phong
- badly (adv):              xấu, tồi tệ
WISH SENTENCES (CAÂU ÖÔÙC)
Ñieàu öôùc khoâng coù thaät ôû hieän taïi
S + wish + S +     WERE
                Ved / V2
                             didn’t + V


 
 
           
                       


                     EX:        
                                    She is not tall. " she wishes she were tall.
 
 

            I don’t know his telephone number. " I wish I knew his telephone number.
 
  • khi có: I’m sorry/ What’s a pity/ It’s a pity/… bỏ qua khi chuyển sang câu với “wish
  • nếu câu nêu ý ở dạng khẳng định khi chuyển sang với wish ta đổi thành câu chủ động và ngược lại
  • câu phủ định với any khi chuyển sang câu với “wish”ta đổi thành some
  • S + would like/ love + O + To V1 g I wish + S + V2/ed    (boû would like / love laáy ñoäng töø coù “to” chuyeån thaønh ñoäng töø ôû coät 2 hoaëc theâm ED)
 
 
 S + don’t /doesn’t + Vo………..

  -  S + wish +   S + V2/Ved   …..

  S + am/ is/ are  + not…………….

 - S + wish +   S + were + ………….


 
 
S + Vo/Vs/ Ves + ………..

- S + wish +   S + didn’t +Vo+ …

 S + am/ is/ are + ………..

- S + wish +   S + were + not +……….
                
 
 






Ngoài cách trên người ta còn sử dụng từ trái nghĩa để viết thành câu với WISH
Ex: Lan is bad at English à Lan wishes she weren’t bad at Engkish    ( Cách 1 dùng thể phủ định is à weren’t)
                                Hoặc:  Lan wishes she were good at English       ( Cách 2 dùng từ trái nghĩa bad à good)
Một số từ trái nghĩa:
            bad à good                            hot à warm / cool                 tired à well / fine      
            difficult à easy                      short à tall                            long à short
            heavy à light                         expensive à cheap                 slow / slowly à quick / quickly
            lazy à hard – working                      urgly à beautiful                   old à new (vật)/ young (người)
            thin à fat (người) / thick (vật)                                                                      
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of verb in parentheses
  1. I wish  I ( live) ……………. near my school.           
  2. I wish  I ( know) ……………. her address.
  3. I wish  I ( be ) ……………. taller.                            
  4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
  5. She wishes her father ( be ) ……………. here now to help her.
  6. I wish  I ( have ) ……………………….. more time to do this  job.
  7. The teacher wishes you ( work )…………. more than (talk )………………….
  8. I wish I ( not live )…………………….. in such a noisy city.
  9. I wish I (have )……………………. enough  money to buy this book.
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
Ví dụ: I don’t know many English words. à I wish I knew many English words.
  1. I don’t have time to go around the city.
  2. à I wish...................................................................................................................................................
  3. We don’t have a computer therefore we cannot get access to the Internet.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. My friend doesn’t have money to repair his bicycle.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................................................
  1. My students don’t speak English fluently.
àI wish ...............................................................................
  1. My students write lessons slowly.
à I wish ..........................................................................................
  1. The exercises are long.
à I wish ...........................................................................................................
  1. The film is boring.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................
  1. The weather is very hot today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My motorcycle is very old.
à I wish .....................................................................................................
  1. Everybody in our village is poor.
à I wish ...........................................................................................
  1. My son plays video games during the day.
à I wish .............................................................................
  1. He gets up late for class today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My family live in a small house.
à I wish .............................................................................................
  1. This student doesn’t go to school on time.
à I wish .................................................................................
  1. Many people in Viet Nam don’t have a house.
à I wish .......................................................................
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
  1. I’m sorry I don’t have much money. à I wish....................................................................................
  2. What a pity Mary doesn’t understand me.   àI wish................................................ ......................
  3. I’m sorry I get bad marks.  à I wish......................................................
  4. What a pity the weather isn’t fine today. à I wish.........................................................................
  5. Sorry I forget your birthday à I wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  6. My mother never has an interesting party. à I wish ………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. My father is sick today (well)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  8. These exercises are very long (short)à  We wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. My students are very lazy (hard working)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. Her bicycle is old (new) à She wishes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

USED TO / BE USED TO
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, không còn lưu lại ở hiện tại:

S + used to + V0

 
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen hay một sự thích nghi ở hiện tại  

S + be / get used to + Ving

 
  1. Khi viết lại câu chuyển từ quá khứ đơn sang used to ta chuyển động từ từ quá khứ đơn “V2 / ed sang động từ nguyên mẫu và bỏ các trạng từ chỉ thời gian (always , usually, often …)nếu có
Ví dụ:  I sometimes went to the market with my grandma when I was young.
       à I used to go to the market with my grandma when I was young

EXERCISE: Use “used to” or “be used to”
 
1. They are used to /used to go to Da lat in Summer.
2. They are used to / used to playing soccer in the park.
3. I am used  to / used to getting up early.
4. Tom is used to / used to .do his homework in the evening.
5. Lan is used to / used to writing to Maryam.
6. He is used to / used to work at night.
7. Did they use to /Are they used to watching T.V?
8. Is she used to / Did she use to playing badminton?
9. My father is used to / used to come home late.
10. She is used to / used to go swimming in the afternoon.

EXERCISE: Rewrite the following sentences with “used to”:
 
  1. They lived in Ha Noi some years ago.à ………………………………………………
  2. John stopped smokingà ……………………………………………………………………………
  3. Miss Chi taught us English when we were students à ……………………………………………………
  1. Ronaldo was a football player 10 years agoà …………………………………………………………
  2. My father often took me to the city when I was a child
à ……………………………………………………………………………
 
  1. He was a secretary for my companyà ………………………………………………………
7. Linda is no longer late in class.à Linda used………………………………………………………
8. Her brother no longer smokes cigarettes. à Her brother used …………………………………………
9. He often fed the pigs when he was young.      à He used ………………………………………………
10. This city had old buildings, but none can be found nowadays.
 à There used ………………………………………………………
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of the verbs:  
 
  1. He used to (eat) ______________ . dinner at 5 o’clock
  2. When I was young, I used to (swim) _______________
  3. He used to (like) ______________ her , but he doesn’t any more.
  4. Don’t worry. Some day you will get used to (speak) ______________ English.
  5. She can’t get used to (study) ________________
  6. He used to (dance) ______________ every night, but now he studies.
  7. She is used to (sleep) _________________ late on weekends.
  8. Mary is used to  (eat) ________________ Chinese food now.
  9. She finally got used to (eat) _______________ our food.
  10. John is used to (swim) ________________ every day.
  11. George is used to (eat) __________________ at 7:oo pm
  12. We (got used to (cook) _________________ our own food when we had to live alone.
  13. Mary was used to (drive) _________________ to school
  14. I have tried but I can’t get used to  (live) ____________ with such a man.
  15. I found it hard to get used to (work) ______________ with him at first.
  16. These foods are used to (feed) ________________ the animals.
  17. The man is used to (read) ________________ his newspaper in the morning.
  18. The government used to (restrict )________________ these pills.
  19. John was used to …………..(eat) at noon when he started school .
  20. We used to …………….. (eat ) breakfast at six o’clock.
  21. When Mary was young . She used to …………...(swim) every day.
  22. Ben used to ………..…(like) Helen, but he doesn’t any more.
  23. Don’t worry. Some day you will be used to ………..(speak) Span.
  24. Mai can’t be used to ………………(work)
  25. Peter used to …………..…(dance) every night ,but now he studies.
  26. Hoa is used to ………..…(sleep) late on weekends.

TEST YOURSELF 1
<I>     Pronunciation.
 Find the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced different from the others
1/ a. invite                                           b. pick                      c. ticket               d. kitchen
2/ a. lock                                  b. shock                    c. block               d. program
3/ a. bad                                    b. sad                       c. day                  d. catch
4/ a. greet                                b. teeth                                 c. deer                d. knee
5/ a. sign                                  b. high                      c. sit                    d. mind
<II>  Find the one choice that best completes the sentences
  <A> Vocabulary.
6/ I love this city ! The sights  of it make a deep _____  on me.
   a. impress                             b. impressed                c. impressing               d. impression
7/ Miss Hoa is very ______. She goes to church every morning.
  a. religious                             b. religiously               c. religion                    d. religioner
8/ My pen-pal and I have corresponded for over 2 years and we really enjoy our______   
   a. friend                                b. friendly                    c. friendship                d. friendily
9/ The ______ religion of Malaysia is Islam.
 a. office                                  b. official                     c. officer                      d. offician
10/ Like VietNam, Malaysia is a _____country.
  a. tropical                               b. tropie                       c. tropies                      d. tropically
11/ The Malaysia unit of currency is the______                         .
  a. riel                         b. dollar                                   c. ringgit                      d. pesco
12/ We often have a summer______        
  a. holiday                               b. vacation                   c. semester                  d. a and b are correct
13/ You can take part in sports activities or not that depends on you. It’s _______
  a. optional                              b. forceful                    c. compulsory  d. required
14/ Mai is a Buddhist. She often goes to  ______to pray.
  a. church                                b. pagoda                     c. temple                     d. mosque
 <B> Grammar & structures.
15/ It’s very kind_____you to help us. Thanks  a lot
  a. for                                      b. to                             c.with                           d. of
16/ The hospital building is divided_____four sections
  a. in                                       b. into                         c. to                             d. about
17/ Did he ____ live in the country when he was young?
  a. use to                                 b. used to                     c. get used to               d. be used to
 18/ Tam wishes his father____here now.
  a. is                                        b. were                                    c. will be                      d. would be
19/ What is pity! Lan can’t come with us. We all wish she _____
  a. would                                 b. should                      c. could                                    d. can
20/ I wish I _____get good marks for the coming exam.
  a. can                                                 b. could                       c. should                      d. will
21/ When I was a child, my family______ go to Dalat for summer vacation.
a. are used to                           b. get used to               c. use to                       d.used to
22/ He is a small boy. He has to depend ______his parents.
  a. on                                      b. to                             c. with                          d. for
23/ Maryam was really impressed ______  the beauty of the city.
  a. of                                       b. by                            c. with                          d. for
24/ We were having dinner when the telephone______                    .
  a. ring                                    b. ringing                     c. rang                                     d. was ringing
25/ I wish I were a little taller. I______too short.
  a. am                                      b. was                          c.were                         d. would be
26/ Tom wishes he could help his sister with her homework, but he______           
  a. could                                  b. can                           c. couldn’t                   d. can’t
27/ What do you do? I ______
  a. have a party                       b. am a worker                        c. play tennis               d. will go out
28/ She arrived______  four o’clock ______ the afternoon.
  a. at / on                                 b. in / in                       c. at / in                        d. on / in
29/ He was a tennis player when he was young. He_____tennis when he was young
  a. plays                                  b. used to play                         c. has player                d. likes to play
30/ My sister is studying hard______her exam.
  a. in                                       b. for                            c. at                              d. to
31/ I used to go to school in the afternoon, but now I _____any more.
  a. don’t                                  b. do                            c. didn’t                       d. did
32/ It rained heavily while I_____  last night.
  a. sleep                                  b. slept                                     c. sleeping                   d. was sleeping
33/We wish he could go to the cinema with us. But he ____. What a pity!
  a. can                                     b. can’t                                    c. could                        d. couldn’t
34/ I_____school at the age of six in the countryside.
  a. start                                    b. had started               c. started                      d. starting
35/ I have studied English _____ more than three years.

  a. for                                      b. in                             c. since                                    d. at
36/ Hurry up! We don’t have enough time. If only we______more time we could take some more photographs.
  a. had                                                 b. have                        c. had had                    d. would have.
37/ _____ does it take to get to Liverpool from here?
  a. how high                            b. how long                 c. how much                d. how often
38/ I have a pet dog and my friend______too.
  a. have one                            b. has it                        c. has one                    d. have it
39/ Every afternoon she ______for a walk in the garden.
  a. will go                                b.is going                     c. goes                         d. have gone
40/ Each of the football players ______  over 150 pounds.
  a. weigh                                 b. weighs                     c. are weighing       d. weights
<III>  Identifying mistakes.
Choose the underlined words or phrases that are not correct in standard written English.
41/ She wishes he will stop making noise when she is working.
                                  a              b                     c                    d
42/ Tom uses to wear glasses, but he doesn’t now.
                  a                     b                            c          d
43/ This book consists about three parts: introduction, development and conclusion.
         a                                  b        c                                                        d    
44/ Mai and me would like to join the English speaking club.                                                                                        
                       a     b        c                                      d
45/ During the game, the rain starting so we had to stop suddenly.
            a                                            b                       c                    d
46/ When will you spend your summer vacation? In Nha Trang.
         a                        b                                c         d              
47/ He is not enough tall to reach the top shelf. He wishes he were taller.                                
                                 a             b                                                  c         d                               
48/ There is an English examination in Friday November the twentieth.
                a    b                                         c                                d
49/ He speaks French so I couldn’t understand. I wish I could understand him.
                a                   b          c                                          d
50/ Childs mustn’t cross busy streets which are full of traffic.
          a          b                                                  c          d
<IV> Reading comprehension.
Read the passage carefully. Then decide whether each of the statements below is TRUE (T), or FALSE (F).
Indonesia is an island nation in Southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of Indonesia. It is a member country of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The country's total area is 1,904,443 sq km. Like Vietnam and other countries in Southeast Asia, Indonesia enjoys tropical climate. The rupiah is the official monetary unit of Indonesia, consisting of 100 sen.
The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta and it is also the largest city in the country. Other big cities are Bandung, Surabaya, Medan, Palembang... The population in 2004 was about 238,500,000. Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States. Islam, which is over eighty per cent of the population practice, is the country's official religion. In addition, there are other religions such as Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism...
The national language is Bahasa Indonesia, which is a modified form of Malay. Besides, about 300 other languages and dialects are spoken. English is increasingly used as the language of business.
 
  1. Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia.                                          _____
  2. All the countries in Southeast Asia enjoy tropical climate.            _____   
  3. Islam is the only official religion in Indonesia.                               _____
  4. There are more people in Indonesia than in the USA.                    _____
  5. Indonesia is one of the countries of ASEAN.                                _____
  6. The Indonesian unit of currency is sen.                                          _____   
  7. Islam is the most common religion in Indonesia.                            _____
  8. Bahasa Indonesia is the only language spoken in Indonesia.         _____
Use the following cues to write a letter to your friend:
    I / arrive / Thap Cham train station / 2 pm late last Saturday. My uncle Hung / meet me there. He/ take/ me home / taxi.
    I/ visit/ the Cham Tower/ the beaches. I / go/ to Vinh Hy Beach, too. It / be/ beautiful. Yesterday my uncle / I / go / Phan Rang supermarket.  I / buy / lot / souvenirs there. I / eat/ lots/ food. I / enjoy/  it very much.I like grapes/ best.
      I/ leave/ Phan Rang next Saturday. I/ happy. People in Phan Rang/ be/  very nice/ friendly. The food / / be/ delicious and the air / be/ pure. The train /arrive home / 7 pm. Please pick me up at Hanoi train station.
Start your letter like this: 
Dear Nga,
……….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………
    I’m looking forward to seeing you soon.
    See you then.
    Love,
    Hoa

 
UNIT 1: A VISIT FROM A PEN PAL
VOCABULARY
1. Getting started
- Foreign (adj): thuộc nước ngoài - Pen pal (n)                      bạn qua thư
 
2. Listen and read
- correspond (v):   
- modern (adj):
- impress (v):    
- beauty (n):      
- friendliness (n):    
- Mausoleum (n):  
- museum (n): 
- temple (n):  
- Temple of Literature (n): 
- park (n):   
- lake (n):
- mosque (n):  
- Primary school (n):                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
trao đổi thư từ
hiện đại
ấn tượng
cảnh đẹp, vẻ đẹp
sự thân thiện
lăng
viện bảo tàng
đền, điện
Văn Miếu
công viên
hồ
nhà thờ Hồi giáo
trường tiểu học
- peaceful (adj):    
- atmosphere (n): 
- pray (v):         
- vacation (n):    
- at the end of …   
- abroad (adv):      
- depend on (v):     
- keep in touch (v):  
- be different from: 
- area (n):     
- recreation (n):
- worship (n):   
- all the above:                                                                                                                                                                        
yên bình, yên tĩnh
không khí
cầu nguyện
kỳ nghỉ
vào cuối …
ở hoặc ra nước ngoài
phụ thuộc vào
giữ liên lạc
khác với
diện tích, khu vực
sự giải trí, tiêu khiển
sự thờ phụng, tôn kính
tất cả những điều nói trên
 
3. Speak
- Introduce (v):  
- interesting (adj):       
- capital (n):   
- industrial (adj):                                                                   
giới thiệu
hấp dẫn, thú vị
thủ đô
thuộc công nghiệp
- quiet (adj):
- church (n):  
- especially (adv):                                                  
yên tĩnh
nhà thờ
đặc biệt là
 
4. Listen
- restaurant (n):    
- downtown (n):  
- go through (v):  
- catch (v):     
- close to (adj):                                                                                              
nhà hàng
khu phố chính
đi qua
bắt, bắt kịp
gần với
- pond (n):   
- park-keeper (n):        
- sign (n):        
- Mexico → Mexican:
- exactly (adv):                                            
hồ, ao
người trông công viên
ký hiệu, bảng hiệu

chính xác
 
5. Read

ệộốĐ
- religion (n):                 tôn giáo
- in addition:                  ngoài ra
- be divided into:      
- region (n):   
- separate (v):   
- comprise (v):
- tropical (adj):  
- climate (n):       
- unit of currency (n):  
- consist of (v):  
- population (n):    
- Islam (n):       
- official (adj):                                                                                                                                                                                  
được chia thành
khu vực, miền
tách rời ra, phân ra
bao gồm
nhiệt đới
khí hậu
đơn vị tiền tệ
gồm có
dân số
Đạo Hồi
chính thức
- Buddhism (n):        
- Hinduism (n):
- national language (n):  
- simply (adv):      
- widely (adv):      
- instruction (n):     
- primary language (n):  
- secondary school (n):  
- compulsory (adj): 
- second language (n):                                             
Đạo Phật
Đạo Ấn, Ấn Độ giáo
quốc ngữ
một cách đơn giản
một cách rộng rãi
sự hướng dẫn
ngôn ngữ chính
trường trung học cơ sỏ
bắt buộc
ngôn ngữ thứ hai
       
 
6. Write
- outline (n):                        đề cương, dàn bài - mention (v):               đề cập, nhắc đến
 
Language focus
- Ghost (n):          
- monster (n):    
- concert (n):       
- camp (n):        
- play (n):         
- farewell party (n):                                                       
ma
quái vật
buổi hòa nhạc
buổi cắm trại
vở kịch
tiệc chia tay
- go shopping (v):      
- make a cake (v):     
- hang (v):      
- swimming pool (n):   
- soccer match (n):     
- hometown (n):                                        
đi mua sắm
làm bánh
treo
hồ bơi
trận bóng đá
quê nhà
- Youth and Young Pioneer Associations:
Đội Thiếu niên Tiền phong
- badly (adv):              xấu, tồi tệ
WISH SENTENCES (CAÂU ÖÔÙC)
Ñieàu öôùc khoâng coù thaät ôû hieän taïi
S + wish + S +     WERE
                Ved / V2
                             didn’t + V


 
 
           
                       


                     EX:        
                                    She is not tall. " she wishes she were tall.
 
 

            I don’t know his telephone number. " I wish I knew his telephone number.
 
  • khi có: I’m sorry/ What’s a pity/ It’s a pity/… bỏ qua khi chuyển sang câu với “wish
  • nếu câu nêu ý ở dạng khẳng định khi chuyển sang với wish ta đổi thành câu chủ động và ngược lại
  • câu phủ định với any khi chuyển sang câu với “wish”ta đổi thành some
  • S + would like/ love + O + To V1 g I wish + S + V2/ed    (boû would like / love laáy ñoäng töø coù “to” chuyeån thaønh ñoäng töø ôû coät 2 hoaëc theâm ED)
 
 
 S + don’t /doesn’t + Vo………..

  -  S + wish +   S + V2/Ved   …..

  S + am/ is/ are  + not…………….

 - S + wish +   S + were + ………….


 
 
S + Vo/Vs/ Ves + ………..

- S + wish +   S + didn’t +Vo+ …

 S + am/ is/ are + ………..

- S + wish +   S + were + not +……….
                
 
 






Ngoài cách trên người ta còn sử dụng từ trái nghĩa để viết thành câu với WISH
Ex: Lan is bad at English à Lan wishes she weren’t bad at Engkish    ( Cách 1 dùng thể phủ định is à weren’t)
                                Hoặc:  Lan wishes she were good at English       ( Cách 2 dùng từ trái nghĩa bad à good)
Một số từ trái nghĩa:
            bad à good                            hot à warm / cool                 tired à well / fine      
            difficult à easy                      short à tall                            long à short
            heavy à light                         expensive à cheap                 slow / slowly à quick / quickly
            lazy à hard – working                      urgly à beautiful                   old à new (vật)/ young (người)
            thin à fat (người) / thick (vật)                                                                      
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of verb in parentheses
  1. I wish  I ( live) ……………. near my school.           
  2. I wish  I ( know) ……………. her address.
  3. I wish  I ( be ) ……………. taller.                            
  4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
  5. She wishes her father ( be ) ……………. here now to help her.
  6. I wish  I ( have ) ……………………….. more time to do this  job.
  7. The teacher wishes you ( work )…………. more than (talk )………………….
  8. I wish I ( not live )…………………….. in such a noisy city.
  9. I wish I (have )……………………. enough  money to buy this book.
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
Ví dụ: I don’t know many English words. à I wish I knew many English words.
  1. I don’t have time to go around the city.
  2. à I wish...................................................................................................................................................
  3. We don’t have a computer therefore we cannot get access to the Internet.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. My friend doesn’t have money to repair his bicycle.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................................................
  1. My students don’t speak English fluently.
àI wish ...............................................................................
  1. My students write lessons slowly.
à I wish ..........................................................................................
  1. The exercises are long.
à I wish ...........................................................................................................
  1. The film is boring.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................
  1. The weather is very hot today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My motorcycle is very old.
à I wish .....................................................................................................
  1. Everybody in our village is poor.
à I wish ...........................................................................................
  1. My son plays video games during the day.
à I wish .............................................................................
  1. He gets up late for class today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My family live in a small house.
à I wish .............................................................................................
  1. This student doesn’t go to school on time.
à I wish .................................................................................
  1. Many people in Viet Nam don’t have a house.
à I wish .......................................................................
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
  1. I’m sorry I don’t have much money. à I wish....................................................................................
  2. What a pity Mary doesn’t understand me.   àI wish................................................ ......................
  3. I’m sorry I get bad marks.  à I wish......................................................
  4. What a pity the weather isn’t fine today. à I wish.........................................................................
  5. Sorry I forget your birthday à I wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  6. My mother never has an interesting party. à I wish ………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. My father is sick today (well)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  8. These exercises are very long (short)à  We wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. My students are very lazy (hard working)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. Her bicycle is old (new) à She wishes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

USED TO / BE USED TO
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, không còn lưu lại ở hiện tại:

S + used to + V0

 
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen hay một sự thích nghi ở hiện tại  

S + be / get used to + Ving

 
  1. Khi viết lại câu chuyển từ quá khứ đơn sang used to ta chuyển động từ từ quá khứ đơn “V2 / ed sang động từ nguyên mẫu và bỏ các trạng từ chỉ thời gian (always , usually, often …)nếu có
Ví dụ:  I sometimes went to the market with my grandma when I was young.
       à I used to go to the market with my grandma when I was young

EXERCISE: Use “used to” or “be used to”
 
1. They are used to /used to go to Da lat in Summer.
2. They are used to / used to playing soccer in the park.
3. I am used  to / used to getting up early.
4. Tom is used to / used to .do his homework in the evening.
5. Lan is used to / used to writing to Maryam.
6. He is used to / used to work at night.
7. Did they use to /Are they used to watching T.V?
8. Is she used to / Did she use to playing badminton?
9. My father is used to / used to come home late.
10. She is used to / used to go swimming in the afternoon.

EXERCISE: Rewrite the following sentences with “used to”:
 
  1. They lived in Ha Noi some years ago.à ………………………………………………
  2. John stopped smokingà ……………………………………………………………………………
  3. Miss Chi taught us English when we were students à ……………………………………………………
  1. Ronaldo was a football player 10 years agoà …………………………………………………………
  2. My father often took me to the city when I was a child
à ……………………………………………………………………………
 
  1. He was a secretary for my companyà ………………………………………………………
7. Linda is no longer late in class.à Linda used………………………………………………………
8. Her brother no longer smokes cigarettes. à Her brother used …………………………………………
9. He often fed the pigs when he was young.      à He used ………………………………………………
10. This city had old buildings, but none can be found nowadays.
 à There used ………………………………………………………
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of the verbs:  
 
  1. He used to (eat) ______________ . dinner at 5 o’clock
  2. When I was young, I used to (swim) _______________
  3. He used to (like) ______________ her , but he doesn’t any more.
  4. Don’t worry. Some day you will get used to (speak) ______________ English.
  5. She can’t get used to (study) ________________
  6. He used to (dance) ______________ every night, but now he studies.
  7. She is used to (sleep) _________________ late on weekends.
  8. Mary is used to  (eat) ________________ Chinese food now.
  9. She finally got used to (eat) _______________ our food.
  10. John is used to (swim) ________________ every day.
  11. George is used to (eat) __________________ at 7:oo pm
  12. We (got used to (cook) _________________ our own food when we had to live alone.
  13. Mary was used to (drive) _________________ to school
  14. I have tried but I can’t get used to  (live) ____________ with such a man.
  15. I found it hard to get used to (work) ______________ with him at first.
  16. These foods are used to (feed) ________________ the animals.
  17. The man is used to (read) ________________ his newspaper in the morning.
  18. The government used to (restrict )________________ these pills.
  19. John was used to …………..(eat) at noon when he started school .
  20. We used to …………….. (eat ) breakfast at six o’clock.
  21. When Mary was young . She used to …………...(swim) every day.
  22. Ben used to ………..…(like) Helen, but he doesn’t any more.
  23. Don’t worry. Some day you will be used to ………..(speak) Span.
  24. Mai can’t be used to ………………(work)
  25. Peter used to …………..…(dance) every night ,but now he studies.
  26. Hoa is used to ………..…(sleep) late on weekends.

TEST YOURSELF 1
<I>     Pronunciation.
 Find the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced different from the others
1/ a. invite                                           b. pick                      c. ticket               d. kitchen
2/ a. lock                                  b. shock                    c. block               d. program
3/ a. bad                                    b. sad                       c. day                  d. catch
4/ a. greet                                b. teeth                                 c. deer                d. knee
5/ a. sign                                  b. high                      c. sit                    d. mind
<II>  Find the one choice that best completes the sentences
  <A> Vocabulary.
6/ I love this city ! The sights  of it make a deep _____  on me.
   a. impress                             b. impressed                c. impressing               d. impression
7/ Miss Hoa is very ______. She goes to church every morning.
  a. religious                             b. religiously               c. religion                    d. religioner
8/ My pen-pal and I have corresponded for over 2 years and we really enjoy our______   
   a. friend                                b. friendly                    c. friendship                d. friendily
9/ The ______ religion of Malaysia is Islam.
 a. office                                  b. official                     c. officer                      d. offician
10/ Like VietNam, Malaysia is a _____country.
  a. tropical                               b. tropie                       c. tropies                      d. tropically
11/ The Malaysia unit of currency is the______                         .
  a. riel                         b. dollar                                   c. ringgit                      d. pesco
12/ We often have a summer______        
  a. holiday                               b. vacation                   c. semester                  d. a and b are correct
13/ You can take part in sports activities or not that depends on you. It’s _______
  a. optional                              b. forceful                    c. compulsory  d. required
14/ Mai is a Buddhist. She often goes to  ______to pray.
  a. church                                b. pagoda                     c. temple                     d. mosque
 <B> Grammar & structures.
15/ It’s very kind_____you to help us. Thanks  a lot
  a. for                                      b. to                             c.with                           d. of
16/ The hospital building is divided_____four sections
  a. in                                       b. into                         c. to                             d. about
17/ Did he ____ live in the country when he was young?
  a. use to                                 b. used to                     c. get used to               d. be used to
 18/ Tam wishes his father____here now.
  a. is                                        b. were                                    c. will be                      d. would be
19/ What is pity! Lan can’t come with us. We all wish she _____
  a. would                                 b. should                      c. could                                    d. can
20/ I wish I _____get good marks for the coming exam.
  a. can                                                 b. could                       c. should                      d. will
21/ When I was a child, my family______ go to Dalat for summer vacation.
a. are used to                           b. get used to               c. use to                       d.used to
22/ He is a small boy. He has to depend ______his parents.
  a. on                                      b. to                             c. with                          d. for
23/ Maryam was really impressed ______  the beauty of the city.
  a. of                                       b. by                            c. with                          d. for
24/ We were having dinner when the telephone______                    .
  a. ring                                    b. ringing                     c. rang                                     d. was ringing
25/ I wish I were a little taller. I______too short.
  a. am                                      b. was                          c.were                         d. would be
26/ Tom wishes he could help his sister with her homework, but he______           
  a. could                                  b. can                           c. couldn’t                   d. can’t
27/ What do you do? I ______
  a. have a party                       b. am a worker                        c. play tennis               d. will go out
28/ She arrived______  four o’clock ______ the afternoon.
  a. at / on                                 b. in / in                       c. at / in                        d. on / in
29/ He was a tennis player when he was young. He_____tennis when he was young
  a. plays                                  b. used to play                         c. has player                d. likes to play
30/ My sister is studying hard______her exam.
  a. in                                       b. for                            c. at                              d. to
31/ I used to go to school in the afternoon, but now I _____any more.
  a. don’t                                  b. do                            c. didn’t                       d. did
32/ It rained heavily while I_____  last night.
  a. sleep                                  b. slept                                     c. sleeping                   d. was sleeping
33/We wish he could go to the cinema with us. But he ____. What a pity!
  a. can                                     b. can’t                                    c. could                        d. couldn’t
34/ I_____school at the age of six in the countryside.
  a. start                                    b. had started               c. started                      d. starting
35/ I have studied English _____ more than three years.

  a. for                                      b. in                             c. since                                    d. at
36/ Hurry up! We don’t have enough time. If only we______more time we could take some more photographs.
  a. had                                                 b. have                        c. had had                    d. would have.
37/ _____ does it take to get to Liverpool from here?
  a. how high                            b. how long                 c. how much                d. how often
38/ I have a pet dog and my friend______too.
  a. have one                            b. has it                        c. has one                    d. have it
39/ Every afternoon she ______for a walk in the garden.
  a. will go                                b.is going                     c. goes                         d. have gone
40/ Each of the football players ______  over 150 pounds.
  a. weigh                                 b. weighs                     c. are weighing       d. weights
<III>  Identifying mistakes.
Choose the underlined words or phrases that are not correct in standard written English.
41/ She wishes he will stop making noise when she is working.
                                  a              b                     c                    d
42/ Tom uses to wear glasses, but he doesn’t now.
                  a                     b                            c          d
43/ This book consists about three parts: introduction, development and conclusion.
         a                                  b        c                                                        d    
44/ Mai and me would like to join the English speaking club.                                                                                        
                       a     b        c                                      d
45/ During the game, the rain starting so we had to stop suddenly.
            a                                            b                       c                    d
46/ When will you spend your summer vacation? In Nha Trang.
         a                        b                                c         d              
47/ He is not enough tall to reach the top shelf. He wishes he were taller.                                
                                 a             b                                                  c         d                               
48/ There is an English examination in Friday November the twentieth.
                a    b                                         c                                d
49/ He speaks French so I couldn’t understand. I wish I could understand him.
                a                   b          c                                          d
50/ Childs mustn’t cross busy streets which are full of traffic.
          a          b                                                  c          d
<IV> Reading comprehension.
Read the passage carefully. Then decide whether each of the statements below is TRUE (T), or FALSE (F).
Indonesia is an island nation in Southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of Indonesia. It is a member country of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The country's total area is 1,904,443 sq km. Like Vietnam and other countries in Southeast Asia, Indonesia enjoys tropical climate. The rupiah is the official monetary unit of Indonesia, consisting of 100 sen.
The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta and it is also the largest city in the country. Other big cities are Bandung, Surabaya, Medan, Palembang... The population in 2004 was about 238,500,000. Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States. Islam, which is over eighty per cent of the population practice, is the country's official religion. In addition, there are other religions such as Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism...
The national language is Bahasa Indonesia, which is a modified form of Malay. Besides, about 300 other languages and dialects are spoken. English is increasingly used as the language of business.
 
  1. Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia.                                          _____
  2. All the countries in Southeast Asia enjoy tropical climate.            _____   
  3. Islam is the only official religion in Indonesia.                               _____
  4. There are more people in Indonesia than in the USA.                    _____
  5. Indonesia is one of the countries of ASEAN.                                _____
  6. The Indonesian unit of currency is sen.                                          _____   
  7. Islam is the most common religion in Indonesia.                            _____
  8. Bahasa Indonesia is the only language spoken in Indonesia.         _____
Use the following cues to write a letter to your friend:
    I / arrive / Thap Cham train station / 2 pm late last Saturday. My uncle Hung / meet me there. He/ take/ me home / taxi.
    I/ visit/ the Cham Tower/ the beaches. I / go/ to Vinh Hy Beach, too. It / be/ beautiful. Yesterday my uncle / I / go / Phan Rang supermarket.  I / buy / lot / souvenirs there. I / eat/ lots/ food. I / enjoy/  it very much.I like grapes/ best.
      I/ leave/ Phan Rang next Saturday. I/ happy. People in Phan Rang/ be/  very nice/ friendly. The food / / be/ delicious and the air / be/ pure. The train /arrive home / 7 pm. Please pick me up at Hanoi train station.
Start your letter like this: 
Dear Nga,
……….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………
    I’m looking forward to seeing you soon.
    See you then.
    Love,
    Hoa

 
UNIT 1: A VISIT FROM A PEN PAL
VOCABULARY
1. Getting started
- Foreign (adj): thuộc nước ngoài - Pen pal (n)                      bạn qua thư
 
2. Listen and read
- correspond (v):   
- modern (adj):
- impress (v):    
- beauty (n):      
- friendliness (n):    
- Mausoleum (n):  
- museum (n): 
- temple (n):  
- Temple of Literature (n): 
- park (n):   
- lake (n):
- mosque (n):  
- Primary school (n):                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
trao đổi thư từ
hiện đại
ấn tượng
cảnh đẹp, vẻ đẹp
sự thân thiện
lăng
viện bảo tàng
đền, điện
Văn Miếu
công viên
hồ
nhà thờ Hồi giáo
trường tiểu học
- peaceful (adj):    
- atmosphere (n): 
- pray (v):         
- vacation (n):    
- at the end of …   
- abroad (adv):      
- depend on (v):     
- keep in touch (v):  
- be different from: 
- area (n):     
- recreation (n):
- worship (n):   
- all the above:                                                                                                                                                                        
yên bình, yên tĩnh
không khí
cầu nguyện
kỳ nghỉ
vào cuối …
ở hoặc ra nước ngoài
phụ thuộc vào
giữ liên lạc
khác với
diện tích, khu vực
sự giải trí, tiêu khiển
sự thờ phụng, tôn kính
tất cả những điều nói trên
 
3. Speak
- Introduce (v):  
- interesting (adj):       
- capital (n):   
- industrial (adj):                                                                   
giới thiệu
hấp dẫn, thú vị
thủ đô
thuộc công nghiệp
- quiet (adj):
- church (n):  
- especially (adv):                                                  
yên tĩnh
nhà thờ
đặc biệt là
 
4. Listen
- restaurant (n):    
- downtown (n):  
- go through (v):  
- catch (v):     
- close to (adj):                                                                                              
nhà hàng
khu phố chính
đi qua
bắt, bắt kịp
gần với
- pond (n):   
- park-keeper (n):        
- sign (n):        
- Mexico → Mexican:
- exactly (adv):                                            
hồ, ao
người trông công viên
ký hiệu, bảng hiệu

chính xác
 
5. Read

ệộốĐ
- religion (n):                 tôn giáo
- in addition:                  ngoài ra
- be divided into:      
- region (n):   
- separate (v):   
- comprise (v):
- tropical (adj):  
- climate (n):       
- unit of currency (n):  
- consist of (v):  
- population (n):    
- Islam (n):       
- official (adj):                                                                                                                                                                                  
được chia thành
khu vực, miền
tách rời ra, phân ra
bao gồm
nhiệt đới
khí hậu
đơn vị tiền tệ
gồm có
dân số
Đạo Hồi
chính thức
- Buddhism (n):        
- Hinduism (n):
- national language (n):  
- simply (adv):      
- widely (adv):      
- instruction (n):     
- primary language (n):  
- secondary school (n):  
- compulsory (adj): 
- second language (n):                                             
Đạo Phật
Đạo Ấn, Ấn Độ giáo
quốc ngữ
một cách đơn giản
một cách rộng rãi
sự hướng dẫn
ngôn ngữ chính
trường trung học cơ sỏ
bắt buộc
ngôn ngữ thứ hai
       
 
6. Write
- outline (n):                        đề cương, dàn bài - mention (v):               đề cập, nhắc đến
 
Language focus
- Ghost (n):          
- monster (n):    
- concert (n):       
- camp (n):        
- play (n):         
- farewell party (n):                                                       
ma
quái vật
buổi hòa nhạc
buổi cắm trại
vở kịch
tiệc chia tay
- go shopping (v):      
- make a cake (v):     
- hang (v):      
- swimming pool (n):   
- soccer match (n):     
- hometown (n):                                        
đi mua sắm
làm bánh
treo
hồ bơi
trận bóng đá
quê nhà
- Youth and Young Pioneer Associations:
Đội Thiếu niên Tiền phong
- badly (adv):              xấu, tồi tệ
WISH SENTENCES (CAÂU ÖÔÙC)
Ñieàu öôùc khoâng coù thaät ôû hieän taïi
S + wish + S +     WERE
                Ved / V2
                             didn’t + V


 
 
           
                       


                     EX:        
                                    She is not tall. " she wishes she were tall.
 
 

            I don’t know his telephone number. " I wish I knew his telephone number.
 
  • khi có: I’m sorry/ What’s a pity/ It’s a pity/… bỏ qua khi chuyển sang câu với “wish
  • nếu câu nêu ý ở dạng khẳng định khi chuyển sang với wish ta đổi thành câu chủ động và ngược lại
  • câu phủ định với any khi chuyển sang câu với “wish”ta đổi thành some
  • S + would like/ love + O + To V1 g I wish + S + V2/ed    (boû would like / love laáy ñoäng töø coù “to” chuyeån thaønh ñoäng töø ôû coät 2 hoaëc theâm ED)
 
 
 S + don’t /doesn’t + Vo………..

  -  S + wish +   S + V2/Ved   …..

  S + am/ is/ are  + not…………….

 - S + wish +   S + were + ………….


 
 
S + Vo/Vs/ Ves + ………..

- S + wish +   S + didn’t +Vo+ …

 S + am/ is/ are + ………..

- S + wish +   S + were + not +……….
                
 
 






Ngoài cách trên người ta còn sử dụng từ trái nghĩa để viết thành câu với WISH
Ex: Lan is bad at English à Lan wishes she weren’t bad at Engkish    ( Cách 1 dùng thể phủ định is à weren’t)
                                Hoặc:  Lan wishes she were good at English       ( Cách 2 dùng từ trái nghĩa bad à good)
Một số từ trái nghĩa:
            bad à good                            hot à warm / cool                 tired à well / fine      
            difficult à easy                      short à tall                            long à short
            heavy à light                         expensive à cheap                 slow / slowly à quick / quickly
            lazy à hard – working                      urgly à beautiful                   old à new (vật)/ young (người)
            thin à fat (người) / thick (vật)                                                                      
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of verb in parentheses
  1. I wish  I ( live) ……………. near my school.           
  2. I wish  I ( know) ……………. her address.
  3. I wish  I ( be ) ……………. taller.                            
  4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
  5. She wishes her father ( be ) ……………. here now to help her.
  6. I wish  I ( have ) ……………………….. more time to do this  job.
  7. The teacher wishes you ( work )…………. more than (talk )………………….
  8. I wish I ( not live )…………………….. in such a noisy city.
  9. I wish I (have )……………………. enough  money to buy this book.
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
Ví dụ: I don’t know many English words. à I wish I knew many English words.
  1. I don’t have time to go around the city.
  2. à I wish...................................................................................................................................................
  3. We don’t have a computer therefore we cannot get access to the Internet.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. My friend doesn’t have money to repair his bicycle.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................................................
  1. My students don’t speak English fluently.
àI wish ...............................................................................
  1. My students write lessons slowly.
à I wish ..........................................................................................
  1. The exercises are long.
à I wish ...........................................................................................................
  1. The film is boring.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................
  1. The weather is very hot today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My motorcycle is very old.
à I wish .....................................................................................................
  1. Everybody in our village is poor.
à I wish ...........................................................................................
  1. My son plays video games during the day.
à I wish .............................................................................
  1. He gets up late for class today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My family live in a small house.
à I wish .............................................................................................
  1. This student doesn’t go to school on time.
à I wish .................................................................................
  1. Many people in Viet Nam don’t have a house.
à I wish .......................................................................
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
  1. I’m sorry I don’t have much money. à I wish....................................................................................
  2. What a pity Mary doesn’t understand me.   àI wish................................................ ......................
  3. I’m sorry I get bad marks.  à I wish......................................................
  4. What a pity the weather isn’t fine today. à I wish.........................................................................
  5. Sorry I forget your birthday à I wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  6. My mother never has an interesting party. à I wish ………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. My father is sick today (well)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  8. These exercises are very long (short)à  We wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. My students are very lazy (hard working)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. Her bicycle is old (new) à She wishes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

USED TO / BE USED TO
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, không còn lưu lại ở hiện tại:

S + used to + V0

 
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen hay một sự thích nghi ở hiện tại  

S + be / get used to + Ving

 
  1. Khi viết lại câu chuyển từ quá khứ đơn sang used to ta chuyển động từ từ quá khứ đơn “V2 / ed sang động từ nguyên mẫu và bỏ các trạng từ chỉ thời gian (always , usually, often …)nếu có
Ví dụ:  I sometimes went to the market with my grandma when I was young.
       à I used to go to the market with my grandma when I was young

EXERCISE: Use “used to” or “be used to”
 
1. They are used to /used to go to Da lat in Summer.
2. They are used to / used to playing soccer in the park.
3. I am used  to / used to getting up early.
4. Tom is used to / used to .do his homework in the evening.
5. Lan is used to / used to writing to Maryam.
6. He is used to / used to work at night.
7. Did they use to /Are they used to watching T.V?
8. Is she used to / Did she use to playing badminton?
9. My father is used to / used to come home late.
10. She is used to / used to go swimming in the afternoon.

EXERCISE: Rewrite the following sentences with “used to”:
 
  1. They lived in Ha Noi some years ago.à ………………………………………………
  2. John stopped smokingà ……………………………………………………………………………
  3. Miss Chi taught us English when we were students à ……………………………………………………
  1. Ronaldo was a football player 10 years agoà …………………………………………………………
  2. My father often took me to the city when I was a child
à ……………………………………………………………………………
 
  1. He was a secretary for my companyà ………………………………………………………
7. Linda is no longer late in class.à Linda used………………………………………………………
8. Her brother no longer smokes cigarettes. à Her brother used …………………………………………
9. He often fed the pigs when he was young.      à He used ………………………………………………
10. This city had old buildings, but none can be found nowadays.
 à There used ………………………………………………………
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of the verbs:  
 
  1. He used to (eat) ______________ . dinner at 5 o’clock
  2. When I was young, I used to (swim) _______________
  3. He used to (like) ______________ her , but he doesn’t any more.
  4. Don’t worry. Some day you will get used to (speak) ______________ English.
  5. She can’t get used to (study) ________________
  6. He used to (dance) ______________ every night, but now he studies.
  7. She is used to (sleep) _________________ late on weekends.
  8. Mary is used to  (eat) ________________ Chinese food now.
  9. She finally got used to (eat) _______________ our food.
  10. John is used to (swim) ________________ every day.
  11. George is used to (eat) __________________ at 7:oo pm
  12. We (got used to (cook) _________________ our own food when we had to live alone.
  13. Mary was used to (drive) _________________ to school
  14. I have tried but I can’t get used to  (live) ____________ with such a man.
  15. I found it hard to get used to (work) ______________ with him at first.
  16. These foods are used to (feed) ________________ the animals.
  17. The man is used to (read) ________________ his newspaper in the morning.
  18. The government used to (restrict )________________ these pills.
  19. John was used to …………..(eat) at noon when he started school .
  20. We used to …………….. (eat ) breakfast at six o’clock.
  21. When Mary was young . She used to …………...(swim) every day.
  22. Ben used to ………..…(like) Helen, but he doesn’t any more.
  23. Don’t worry. Some day you will be used to ………..(speak) Span.
  24. Mai can’t be used to ………………(work)
  25. Peter used to …………..…(dance) every night ,but now he studies.
  26. Hoa is used to ………..…(sleep) late on weekends.

TEST YOURSELF 1
<I>     Pronunciation.
 Find the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced different from the others
1/ a. invite                                           b. pick                      c. ticket               d. kitchen
2/ a. lock                                  b. shock                    c. block               d. program
3/ a. bad                                    b. sad                       c. day                  d. catch
4/ a. greet                                b. teeth                                 c. deer                d. knee
5/ a. sign                                  b. high                      c. sit                    d. mind
<II>  Find the one choice that best completes the sentences
  <A> Vocabulary.
6/ I love this city ! The sights  of it make a deep _____  on me.
   a. impress                             b. impressed                c. impressing               d. impression
7/ Miss Hoa is very ______. She goes to church every morning.
  a. religious                             b. religiously               c. religion                    d. religioner
8/ My pen-pal and I have corresponded for over 2 years and we really enjoy our______   
   a. friend                                b. friendly                    c. friendship                d. friendily
9/ The ______ religion of Malaysia is Islam.
 a. office                                  b. official                     c. officer                      d. offician
10/ Like VietNam, Malaysia is a _____country.
  a. tropical                               b. tropie                       c. tropies                      d. tropically
11/ The Malaysia unit of currency is the______                         .
  a. riel                         b. dollar                                   c. ringgit                      d. pesco
12/ We often have a summer______        
  a. holiday                               b. vacation                   c. semester                  d. a and b are correct
13/ You can take part in sports activities or not that depends on you. It’s _______
  a. optional                              b. forceful                    c. compulsory  d. required
14/ Mai is a Buddhist. She often goes to  ______to pray.
  a. church                                b. pagoda                     c. temple                     d. mosque
 <B> Grammar & structures.
15/ It’s very kind_____you to help us. Thanks  a lot
  a. for                                      b. to                             c.with                           d. of
16/ The hospital building is divided_____four sections
  a. in                                       b. into                         c. to                             d. about
17/ Did he ____ live in the country when he was young?
  a. use to                                 b. used to                     c. get used to               d. be used to
 18/ Tam wishes his father____here now.
  a. is                                        b. were                                    c. will be                      d. would be
19/ What is pity! Lan can’t come with us. We all wish she _____
  a. would                                 b. should                      c. could                                    d. can
20/ I wish I _____get good marks for the coming exam.
  a. can                                                 b. could                       c. should                      d. will
21/ When I was a child, my family______ go to Dalat for summer vacation.
a. are used to                           b. get used to               c. use to                       d.used to
22/ He is a small boy. He has to depend ______his parents.
  a. on                                      b. to                             c. with                          d. for
23/ Maryam was really impressed ______  the beauty of the city.
  a. of                                       b. by                            c. with                          d. for
24/ We were having dinner when the telephone______                    .
  a. ring                                    b. ringing                     c. rang                                     d. was ringing
25/ I wish I were a little taller. I______too short.
  a. am                                      b. was                          c.were                         d. would be
26/ Tom wishes he could help his sister with her homework, but he______           
  a. could                                  b. can                           c. couldn’t                   d. can’t
27/ What do you do? I ______
  a. have a party                       b. am a worker                        c. play tennis               d. will go out
28/ She arrived______  four o’clock ______ the afternoon.
  a. at / on                                 b. in / in                       c. at / in                        d. on / in
29/ He was a tennis player when he was young. He_____tennis when he was young
  a. plays                                  b. used to play                         c. has player                d. likes to play
30/ My sister is studying hard______her exam.
  a. in                                       b. for                            c. at                              d. to
31/ I used to go to school in the afternoon, but now I _____any more.
  a. don’t                                  b. do                            c. didn’t                       d. did
32/ It rained heavily while I_____  last night.
  a. sleep                                  b. slept                                     c. sleeping                   d. was sleeping
33/We wish he could go to the cinema with us. But he ____. What a pity!
  a. can                                     b. can’t                                    c. could                        d. couldn’t
34/ I_____school at the age of six in the countryside.
  a. start                                    b. had started               c. started                      d. starting
35/ I have studied English _____ more than three years.

  a. for                                      b. in                             c. since                                    d. at
36/ Hurry up! We don’t have enough time. If only we______more time we could take some more photographs.
  a. had                                                 b. have                        c. had had                    d. would have.
37/ _____ does it take to get to Liverpool from here?
  a. how high                            b. how long                 c. how much                d. how often
38/ I have a pet dog and my friend______too.
  a. have one                            b. has it                        c. has one                    d. have it
39/ Every afternoon she ______for a walk in the garden.
  a. will go                                b.is going                     c. goes                         d. have gone
40/ Each of the football players ______  over 150 pounds.
  a. weigh                                 b. weighs                     c. are weighing       d. weights
<III>  Identifying mistakes.
Choose the underlined words or phrases that are not correct in standard written English.
41/ She wishes he will stop making noise when she is working.
                                  a              b                     c                    d
42/ Tom uses to wear glasses, but he doesn’t now.
                  a                     b                            c          d
43/ This book consists about three parts: introduction, development and conclusion.
         a                                  b        c                                                        d    
44/ Mai and me would like to join the English speaking club.                                                                                        
                       a     b        c                                      d
45/ During the game, the rain starting so we had to stop suddenly.
            a                                            b                       c                    d
46/ When will you spend your summer vacation? In Nha Trang.
         a                        b                                c         d              
47/ He is not enough tall to reach the top shelf. He wishes he were taller.                                
                                 a             b                                                  c         d                               
48/ There is an English examination in Friday November the twentieth.
                a    b                                         c                                d
49/ He speaks French so I couldn’t understand. I wish I could understand him.
                a                   b          c                                          d
50/ Childs mustn’t cross busy streets which are full of traffic.
          a          b                                                  c          d
<IV> Reading comprehension.
Read the passage carefully. Then decide whether each of the statements below is TRUE (T), or FALSE (F).
Indonesia is an island nation in Southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of Indonesia. It is a member country of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The country's total area is 1,904,443 sq km. Like Vietnam and other countries in Southeast Asia, Indonesia enjoys tropical climate. The rupiah is the official monetary unit of Indonesia, consisting of 100 sen.
The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta and it is also the largest city in the country. Other big cities are Bandung, Surabaya, Medan, Palembang... The population in 2004 was about 238,500,000. Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States. Islam, which is over eighty per cent of the population practice, is the country's official religion. In addition, there are other religions such as Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism...
The national language is Bahasa Indonesia, which is a modified form of Malay. Besides, about 300 other languages and dialects are spoken. English is increasingly used as the language of business.
 
  1. Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia.                                          _____
  2. All the countries in Southeast Asia enjoy tropical climate.            _____   
  3. Islam is the only official religion in Indonesia.                               _____
  4. There are more people in Indonesia than in the USA.                    _____
  5. Indonesia is one of the countries of ASEAN.                                _____
  6. The Indonesian unit of currency is sen.                                          _____   
  7. Islam is the most common religion in Indonesia.                            _____
  8. Bahasa Indonesia is the only language spoken in Indonesia.         _____
Use the following cues to write a letter to your friend:
    I / arrive / Thap Cham train station / 2 pm late last Saturday. My uncle Hung / meet me there. He/ take/ me home / taxi.
    I/ visit/ the Cham Tower/ the beaches. I / go/ to Vinh Hy Beach, too. It / be/ beautiful. Yesterday my uncle / I / go / Phan Rang supermarket.  I / buy / lot / souvenirs there. I / eat/ lots/ food. I / enjoy/  it very much.I like grapes/ best.
      I/ leave/ Phan Rang next Saturday. I/ happy. People in Phan Rang/ be/  very nice/ friendly. The food / / be/ delicious and the air / be/ pure. The train /arrive home / 7 pm. Please pick me up at Hanoi train station.
Start your letter like this: 
Dear Nga,
……….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………
    I’m looking forward to seeing you soon.
    See you then.
    Love,
    Hoa

 
UNIT 1: A VISIT FROM A PEN PAL
VOCABULARY
1. Getting started
- Foreign (adj): thuộc nước ngoài - Pen pal (n)                      bạn qua thư
 
2. Listen and read
- correspond (v):   
- modern (adj):
- impress (v):    
- beauty (n):      
- friendliness (n):    
- Mausoleum (n):  
- museum (n): 
- temple (n):  
- Temple of Literature (n): 
- park (n):   
- lake (n):
- mosque (n):  
- Primary school (n):                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
trao đổi thư từ
hiện đại
ấn tượng
cảnh đẹp, vẻ đẹp
sự thân thiện
lăng
viện bảo tàng
đền, điện
Văn Miếu
công viên
hồ
nhà thờ Hồi giáo
trường tiểu học
- peaceful (adj):    
- atmosphere (n): 
- pray (v):         
- vacation (n):    
- at the end of …   
- abroad (adv):      
- depend on (v):     
- keep in touch (v):  
- be different from: 
- area (n):     
- recreation (n):
- worship (n):   
- all the above:                                                                                                                                                                        
yên bình, yên tĩnh
không khí
cầu nguyện
kỳ nghỉ
vào cuối …
ở hoặc ra nước ngoài
phụ thuộc vào
giữ liên lạc
khác với
diện tích, khu vực
sự giải trí, tiêu khiển
sự thờ phụng, tôn kính
tất cả những điều nói trên
 
3. Speak
- Introduce (v):  
- interesting (adj):       
- capital (n):   
- industrial (adj):                                                                   
giới thiệu
hấp dẫn, thú vị
thủ đô
thuộc công nghiệp
- quiet (adj):
- church (n):  
- especially (adv):                                                  
yên tĩnh
nhà thờ
đặc biệt là
 
4. Listen
- restaurant (n):    
- downtown (n):  
- go through (v):  
- catch (v):     
- close to (adj):                                                                                              
nhà hàng
khu phố chính
đi qua
bắt, bắt kịp
gần với
- pond (n):   
- park-keeper (n):        
- sign (n):        
- Mexico → Mexican:
- exactly (adv):                                            
hồ, ao
người trông công viên
ký hiệu, bảng hiệu

chính xác
 
5. Read

ệộốĐ
- religion (n):                 tôn giáo
- in addition:                  ngoài ra
- be divided into:      
- region (n):   
- separate (v):   
- comprise (v):
- tropical (adj):  
- climate (n):       
- unit of currency (n):  
- consist of (v):  
- population (n):    
- Islam (n):       
- official (adj):                                                                                                                                                                                  
được chia thành
khu vực, miền
tách rời ra, phân ra
bao gồm
nhiệt đới
khí hậu
đơn vị tiền tệ
gồm có
dân số
Đạo Hồi
chính thức
- Buddhism (n):        
- Hinduism (n):
- national language (n):  
- simply (adv):      
- widely (adv):      
- instruction (n):     
- primary language (n):  
- secondary school (n):  
- compulsory (adj): 
- second language (n):                                             
Đạo Phật
Đạo Ấn, Ấn Độ giáo
quốc ngữ
một cách đơn giản
một cách rộng rãi
sự hướng dẫn
ngôn ngữ chính
trường trung học cơ sỏ
bắt buộc
ngôn ngữ thứ hai
       
 
6. Write
- outline (n):                        đề cương, dàn bài - mention (v):               đề cập, nhắc đến
 
Language focus
- Ghost (n):          
- monster (n):    
- concert (n):       
- camp (n):        
- play (n):         
- farewell party (n):                                                       
ma
quái vật
buổi hòa nhạc
buổi cắm trại
vở kịch
tiệc chia tay
- go shopping (v):      
- make a cake (v):     
- hang (v):      
- swimming pool (n):   
- soccer match (n):     
- hometown (n):                                        
đi mua sắm
làm bánh
treo
hồ bơi
trận bóng đá
quê nhà
- Youth and Young Pioneer Associations:
Đội Thiếu niên Tiền phong
- badly (adv):              xấu, tồi tệ
WISH SENTENCES (CAÂU ÖÔÙC)
Ñieàu öôùc khoâng coù thaät ôû hieän taïi
S + wish + S +     WERE
                Ved / V2
                             didn’t + V


 
 
           
                       


                     EX:        
                                    She is not tall. " she wishes she were tall.
 
 

            I don’t know his telephone number. " I wish I knew his telephone number.
 
  • khi có: I’m sorry/ What’s a pity/ It’s a pity/… bỏ qua khi chuyển sang câu với “wish
  • nếu câu nêu ý ở dạng khẳng định khi chuyển sang với wish ta đổi thành câu chủ động và ngược lại
  • câu phủ định với any khi chuyển sang câu với “wish”ta đổi thành some
  • S + would like/ love + O + To V1 g I wish + S + V2/ed    (boû would like / love laáy ñoäng töø coù “to” chuyeån thaønh ñoäng töø ôû coät 2 hoaëc theâm ED)
 
 
 S + don’t /doesn’t + Vo………..

  -  S + wish +   S + V2/Ved   …..

  S + am/ is/ are  + not…………….

 - S + wish +   S + were + ………….


 
 
S + Vo/Vs/ Ves + ………..

- S + wish +   S + didn’t +Vo+ …

 S + am/ is/ are + ………..

- S + wish +   S + were + not +……….
                
 
 






Ngoài cách trên người ta còn sử dụng từ trái nghĩa để viết thành câu với WISH
Ex: Lan is bad at English à Lan wishes she weren’t bad at Engkish    ( Cách 1 dùng thể phủ định is à weren’t)
                                Hoặc:  Lan wishes she were good at English       ( Cách 2 dùng từ trái nghĩa bad à good)
Một số từ trái nghĩa:
            bad à good                            hot à warm / cool                 tired à well / fine      
            difficult à easy                      short à tall                            long à short
            heavy à light                         expensive à cheap                 slow / slowly à quick / quickly
            lazy à hard – working                      urgly à beautiful                   old à new (vật)/ young (người)
            thin à fat (người) / thick (vật)                                                                      
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of verb in parentheses
  1. I wish  I ( live) ……………. near my school.           
  2. I wish  I ( know) ……………. her address.
  3. I wish  I ( be ) ……………. taller.                            
  4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
  5. She wishes her father ( be ) ……………. here now to help her.
  6. I wish  I ( have ) ……………………….. more time to do this  job.
  7. The teacher wishes you ( work )…………. more than (talk )………………….
  8. I wish I ( not live )…………………….. in such a noisy city.
  9. I wish I (have )……………………. enough  money to buy this book.
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
Ví dụ: I don’t know many English words. à I wish I knew many English words.
  1. I don’t have time to go around the city.
  2. à I wish...................................................................................................................................................
  3. We don’t have a computer therefore we cannot get access to the Internet.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. My friend doesn’t have money to repair his bicycle.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................................................
  1. My students don’t speak English fluently.
àI wish ...............................................................................
  1. My students write lessons slowly.
à I wish ..........................................................................................
  1. The exercises are long.
à I wish ...........................................................................................................
  1. The film is boring.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................
  1. The weather is very hot today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My motorcycle is very old.
à I wish .....................................................................................................
  1. Everybody in our village is poor.
à I wish ...........................................................................................
  1. My son plays video games during the day.
à I wish .............................................................................
  1. He gets up late for class today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My family live in a small house.
à I wish .............................................................................................
  1. This student doesn’t go to school on time.
à I wish .................................................................................
  1. Many people in Viet Nam don’t have a house.
à I wish .......................................................................
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
  1. I’m sorry I don’t have much money. à I wish....................................................................................
  2. What a pity Mary doesn’t understand me.   àI wish................................................ ......................
  3. I’m sorry I get bad marks.  à I wish......................................................
  4. What a pity the weather isn’t fine today. à I wish.........................................................................
  5. Sorry I forget your birthday à I wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  6. My mother never has an interesting party. à I wish ………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. My father is sick today (well)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  8. These exercises are very long (short)à  We wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. My students are very lazy (hard working)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. Her bicycle is old (new) à She wishes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

USED TO / BE USED TO
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, không còn lưu lại ở hiện tại:

S + used to + V0

 
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen hay một sự thích nghi ở hiện tại  

S + be / get used to + Ving

 
  1. Khi viết lại câu chuyển từ quá khứ đơn sang used to ta chuyển động từ từ quá khứ đơn “V2 / ed sang động từ nguyên mẫu và bỏ các trạng từ chỉ thời gian (always , usually, often …)nếu có
Ví dụ:  I sometimes went to the market with my grandma when I was young.
       à I used to go to the market with my grandma when I was young

EXERCISE: Use “used to” or “be used to”
 
1. They are used to /used to go to Da lat in Summer.
2. They are used to / used to playing soccer in the park.
3. I am used  to / used to getting up early.
4. Tom is used to / used to .do his homework in the evening.
5. Lan is used to / used to writing to Maryam.
6. He is used to / used to work at night.
7. Did they use to /Are they used to watching T.V?
8. Is she used to / Did she use to playing badminton?
9. My father is used to / used to come home late.
10. She is used to / used to go swimming in the afternoon.

EXERCISE: Rewrite the following sentences with “used to”:
 
  1. They lived in Ha Noi some years ago.à ………………………………………………
  2. John stopped smokingà ……………………………………………………………………………
  3. Miss Chi taught us English when we were students à ……………………………………………………
  1. Ronaldo was a football player 10 years agoà …………………………………………………………
  2. My father often took me to the city when I was a child
à ……………………………………………………………………………
 
  1. He was a secretary for my companyà ………………………………………………………
7. Linda is no longer late in class.à Linda used………………………………………………………
8. Her brother no longer smokes cigarettes. à Her brother used …………………………………………
9. He often fed the pigs when he was young.      à He used ………………………………………………
10. This city had old buildings, but none can be found nowadays.
 à There used ………………………………………………………
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of the verbs:  
 
  1. He used to (eat) ______________ . dinner at 5 o’clock
  2. When I was young, I used to (swim) _______________
  3. He used to (like) ______________ her , but he doesn’t any more.
  4. Don’t worry. Some day you will get used to (speak) ______________ English.
  5. She can’t get used to (study) ________________
  6. He used to (dance) ______________ every night, but now he studies.
  7. She is used to (sleep) _________________ late on weekends.
  8. Mary is used to  (eat) ________________ Chinese food now.
  9. She finally got used to (eat) _______________ our food.
  10. John is used to (swim) ________________ every day.
  11. George is used to (eat) __________________ at 7:oo pm
  12. We (got used to (cook) _________________ our own food when we had to live alone.
  13. Mary was used to (drive) _________________ to school
  14. I have tried but I can’t get used to  (live) ____________ with such a man.
  15. I found it hard to get used to (work) ______________ with him at first.
  16. These foods are used to (feed) ________________ the animals.
  17. The man is used to (read) ________________ his newspaper in the morning.
  18. The government used to (restrict )________________ these pills.
  19. John was used to …………..(eat) at noon when he started school .
  20. We used to …………….. (eat ) breakfast at six o’clock.
  21. When Mary was young . She used to …………...(swim) every day.
  22. Ben used to ………..…(like) Helen, but he doesn’t any more.
  23. Don’t worry. Some day you will be used to ………..(speak) Span.
  24. Mai can’t be used to ………………(work)
  25. Peter used to …………..…(dance) every night ,but now he studies.
  26. Hoa is used to ………..…(sleep) late on weekends.

TEST YOURSELF 1
<I>     Pronunciation.
 Find the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced different from the others
1/ a. invite                                           b. pick                      c. ticket               d. kitchen
2/ a. lock                                  b. shock                    c. block               d. program
3/ a. bad                                    b. sad                       c. day                  d. catch
4/ a. greet                                b. teeth                                 c. deer                d. knee
5/ a. sign                                  b. high                      c. sit                    d. mind
<II>  Find the one choice that best completes the sentences
  <A> Vocabulary.
6/ I love this city ! The sights  of it make a deep _____  on me.
   a. impress                             b. impressed                c. impressing               d. impression
7/ Miss Hoa is very ______. She goes to church every morning.
  a. religious                             b. religiously               c. religion                    d. religioner
8/ My pen-pal and I have corresponded for over 2 years and we really enjoy our______   
   a. friend                                b. friendly                    c. friendship                d. friendily
9/ The ______ religion of Malaysia is Islam.
 a. office                                  b. official                     c. officer                      d. offician
10/ Like VietNam, Malaysia is a _____country.
  a. tropical                               b. tropie                       c. tropies                      d. tropically
11/ The Malaysia unit of currency is the______                         .
  a. riel                         b. dollar                                   c. ringgit                      d. pesco
12/ We often have a summer______        
  a. holiday                               b. vacation                   c. semester                  d. a and b are correct
13/ You can take part in sports activities or not that depends on you. It’s _______
  a. optional                              b. forceful                    c. compulsory  d. required
14/ Mai is a Buddhist. She often goes to  ______to pray.
  a. church                                b. pagoda                     c. temple                     d. mosque
 <B> Grammar & structures.
15/ It’s very kind_____you to help us. Thanks  a lot
  a. for                                      b. to                             c.with                           d. of
16/ The hospital building is divided_____four sections
  a. in                                       b. into                         c. to                             d. about
17/ Did he ____ live in the country when he was young?
  a. use to                                 b. used to                     c. get used to               d. be used to
 18/ Tam wishes his father____here now.
  a. is                                        b. were                                    c. will be                      d. would be
19/ What is pity! Lan can’t come with us. We all wish she _____
  a. would                                 b. should                      c. could                                    d. can
20/ I wish I _____get good marks for the coming exam.
  a. can                                                 b. could                       c. should                      d. will
21/ When I was a child, my family______ go to Dalat for summer vacation.
a. are used to                           b. get used to               c. use to                       d.used to
22/ He is a small boy. He has to depend ______his parents.
  a. on                                      b. to                             c. with                          d. for
23/ Maryam was really impressed ______  the beauty of the city.
  a. of                                       b. by                            c. with                          d. for
24/ We were having dinner when the telephone______                    .
  a. ring                                    b. ringing                     c. rang                                     d. was ringing
25/ I wish I were a little taller. I______too short.
  a. am                                      b. was                          c.were                         d. would be
26/ Tom wishes he could help his sister with her homework, but he______           
  a. could                                  b. can                           c. couldn’t                   d. can’t
27/ What do you do? I ______
  a. have a party                       b. am a worker                        c. play tennis               d. will go out
28/ She arrived______  four o’clock ______ the afternoon.
  a. at / on                                 b. in / in                       c. at / in                        d. on / in
29/ He was a tennis player when he was young. He_____tennis when he was young
  a. plays                                  b. used to play                         c. has player                d. likes to play
30/ My sister is studying hard______her exam.
  a. in                                       b. for                            c. at                              d. to
31/ I used to go to school in the afternoon, but now I _____any more.
  a. don’t                                  b. do                            c. didn’t                       d. did
32/ It rained heavily while I_____  last night.
  a. sleep                                  b. slept                                     c. sleeping                   d. was sleeping
33/We wish he could go to the cinema with us. But he ____. What a pity!
  a. can                                     b. can’t                                    c. could                        d. couldn’t
34/ I_____school at the age of six in the countryside.
  a. start                                    b. had started               c. started                      d. starting
35/ I have studied English _____ more than three years.

  a. for                                      b. in                             c. since                                    d. at
36/ Hurry up! We don’t have enough time. If only we______more time we could take some more photographs.
  a. had                                                 b. have                        c. had had                    d. would have.
37/ _____ does it take to get to Liverpool from here?
  a. how high                            b. how long                 c. how much                d. how often
38/ I have a pet dog and my friend______too.
  a. have one                            b. has it                        c. has one                    d. have it
39/ Every afternoon she ______for a walk in the garden.
  a. will go                                b.is going                     c. goes                         d. have gone
40/ Each of the football players ______  over 150 pounds.
  a. weigh                                 b. weighs                     c. are weighing       d. weights
<III>  Identifying mistakes.
Choose the underlined words or phrases that are not correct in standard written English.
41/ She wishes he will stop making noise when she is working.
                                  a              b                     c                    d
42/ Tom uses to wear glasses, but he doesn’t now.
                  a                     b                            c          d
43/ This book consists about three parts: introduction, development and conclusion.
         a                                  b        c                                                        d    
44/ Mai and me would like to join the English speaking club.                                                                                        
                       a     b        c                                      d
45/ During the game, the rain starting so we had to stop suddenly.
            a                                            b                       c                    d
46/ When will you spend your summer vacation? In Nha Trang.
         a                        b                                c         d              
47/ He is not enough tall to reach the top shelf. He wishes he were taller.                                
                                 a             b                                                  c         d                               
48/ There is an English examination in Friday November the twentieth.
                a    b                                         c                                d
49/ He speaks French so I couldn’t understand. I wish I could understand him.
                a                   b          c                                          d
50/ Childs mustn’t cross busy streets which are full of traffic.
          a          b                                                  c          d
<IV> Reading comprehension.
Read the passage carefully. Then decide whether each of the statements below is TRUE (T), or FALSE (F).
Indonesia is an island nation in Southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of Indonesia. It is a member country of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The country's total area is 1,904,443 sq km. Like Vietnam and other countries in Southeast Asia, Indonesia enjoys tropical climate. The rupiah is the official monetary unit of Indonesia, consisting of 100 sen.
The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta and it is also the largest city in the country. Other big cities are Bandung, Surabaya, Medan, Palembang... The population in 2004 was about 238,500,000. Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States. Islam, which is over eighty per cent of the population practice, is the country's official religion. In addition, there are other religions such as Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism...
The national language is Bahasa Indonesia, which is a modified form of Malay. Besides, about 300 other languages and dialects are spoken. English is increasingly used as the language of business.
 
  1. Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia.                                          _____
  2. All the countries in Southeast Asia enjoy tropical climate.            _____   
  3. Islam is the only official religion in Indonesia.                               _____
  4. There are more people in Indonesia than in the USA.                    _____
  5. Indonesia is one of the countries of ASEAN.                                _____
  6. The Indonesian unit of currency is sen.                                          _____   
  7. Islam is the most common religion in Indonesia.                            _____
  8. Bahasa Indonesia is the only language spoken in Indonesia.         _____
Use the following cues to write a letter to your friend:
    I / arrive / Thap Cham train station / 2 pm late last Saturday. My uncle Hung / meet me there. He/ take/ me home / taxi.
    I/ visit/ the Cham Tower/ the beaches. I / go/ to Vinh Hy Beach, too. It / be/ beautiful. Yesterday my uncle / I / go / Phan Rang supermarket.  I / buy / lot / souvenirs there. I / eat/ lots/ food. I / enjoy/  it very much.I like grapes/ best.
      I/ leave/ Phan Rang next Saturday. I/ happy. People in Phan Rang/ be/  very nice/ friendly. The food / / be/ delicious and the air / be/ pure. The train /arrive home / 7 pm. Please pick me up at Hanoi train station.
Start your letter like this: 
Dear Nga,
……….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………….....…………..………….....................….…………………………………………………………………………………………
    I’m looking forward to seeing you soon.
    See you then.
    Love,
    Hoa

 
UNIT 1: A VISIT FROM A PEN PAL
VOCABULARY
1. Getting started
- Foreign (adj): thuộc nước ngoài - Pen pal (n)                      bạn qua thư
 
2. Listen and read
- correspond (v):   
- modern (adj):
- impress (v):    
- beauty (n):      
- friendliness (n):    
- Mausoleum (n):  
- museum (n): 
- temple (n):  
- Temple of Literature (n): 
- park (n):   
- lake (n):
- mosque (n):  
- Primary school (n):                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
trao đổi thư từ
hiện đại
ấn tượng
cảnh đẹp, vẻ đẹp
sự thân thiện
lăng
viện bảo tàng
đền, điện
Văn Miếu
công viên
hồ
nhà thờ Hồi giáo
trường tiểu học
- peaceful (adj):    
- atmosphere (n): 
- pray (v):         
- vacation (n):    
- at the end of …   
- abroad (adv):      
- depend on (v):     
- keep in touch (v):  
- be different from: 
- area (n):     
- recreation (n):
- worship (n):   
- all the above:                                                                                                                                                                        
yên bình, yên tĩnh
không khí
cầu nguyện
kỳ nghỉ
vào cuối …
ở hoặc ra nước ngoài
phụ thuộc vào
giữ liên lạc
khác với
diện tích, khu vực
sự giải trí, tiêu khiển
sự thờ phụng, tôn kính
tất cả những điều nói trên
 
3. Speak
- Introduce (v):  
- interesting (adj):       
- capital (n):   
- industrial (adj):                                                                   
giới thiệu
hấp dẫn, thú vị
thủ đô
thuộc công nghiệp
- quiet (adj):
- church (n):  
- especially (adv):                                                  
yên tĩnh
nhà thờ
đặc biệt là
 
4. Listen
- restaurant (n):    
- downtown (n):  
- go through (v):  
- catch (v):     
- close to (adj):                                                                                              
nhà hàng
khu phố chính
đi qua
bắt, bắt kịp
gần với
- pond (n):   
- park-keeper (n):        
- sign (n):        
- Mexico → Mexican:
- exactly (adv):                                            
hồ, ao
người trông công viên
ký hiệu, bảng hiệu

chính xác
 
5. Read

ệộốĐ
- religion (n):                 tôn giáo
- in addition:                  ngoài ra
- be divided into:      
- region (n):   
- separate (v):   
- comprise (v):
- tropical (adj):  
- climate (n):       
- unit of currency (n):  
- consist of (v):  
- population (n):    
- Islam (n):       
- official (adj):                                                                                                                                                                                  
được chia thành
khu vực, miền
tách rời ra, phân ra
bao gồm
nhiệt đới
khí hậu
đơn vị tiền tệ
gồm có
dân số
Đạo Hồi
chính thức
- Buddhism (n):        
- Hinduism (n):
- national language (n):  
- simply (adv):      
- widely (adv):      
- instruction (n):     
- primary language (n):  
- secondary school (n):  
- compulsory (adj): 
- second language (n):                                             
Đạo Phật
Đạo Ấn, Ấn Độ giáo
quốc ngữ
một cách đơn giản
một cách rộng rãi
sự hướng dẫn
ngôn ngữ chính
trường trung học cơ sỏ
bắt buộc
ngôn ngữ thứ hai
       
 
6. Write
- outline (n):                        đề cương, dàn bài - mention (v):               đề cập, nhắc đến
 
Language focus
- Ghost (n):          
- monster (n):    
- concert (n):       
- camp (n):        
- play (n):         
- farewell party (n):                                                       
ma
quái vật
buổi hòa nhạc
buổi cắm trại
vở kịch
tiệc chia tay
- go shopping (v):      
- make a cake (v):     
- hang (v):      
- swimming pool (n):   
- soccer match (n):     
- hometown (n):                                        
đi mua sắm
làm bánh
treo
hồ bơi
trận bóng đá
quê nhà
- Youth and Young Pioneer Associations:
Đội Thiếu niên Tiền phong
- badly (adv):              xấu, tồi tệ
WISH SENTENCES (CAÂU ÖÔÙC)
Ñieàu öôùc khoâng coù thaät ôû hieän taïi
S + wish + S +     WERE
                Ved / V2
                             didn’t + V


 
 
           
                       


                     EX:        
                                    She is not tall. " she wishes she were tall.
 
 

            I don’t know his telephone number. " I wish I knew his telephone number.
 
  • khi có: I’m sorry/ What’s a pity/ It’s a pity/… bỏ qua khi chuyển sang câu với “wish
  • nếu câu nêu ý ở dạng khẳng định khi chuyển sang với wish ta đổi thành câu chủ động và ngược lại
  • câu phủ định với any khi chuyển sang câu với “wish”ta đổi thành some
  • S + would like/ love + O + To V1 g I wish + S + V2/ed    (boû would like / love laáy ñoäng töø coù “to” chuyeån thaønh ñoäng töø ôû coät 2 hoaëc theâm ED)
 
 
 S + don’t /doesn’t + Vo………..

  -  S + wish +   S + V2/Ved   …..

  S + am/ is/ are  + not…………….

 - S + wish +   S + were + ………….


 
 
S + Vo/Vs/ Ves + ………..

- S + wish +   S + didn’t +Vo+ …

 S + am/ is/ are + ………..

- S + wish +   S + were + not +……….
                
 
 






Ngoài cách trên người ta còn sử dụng từ trái nghĩa để viết thành câu với WISH
Ex: Lan is bad at English à Lan wishes she weren’t bad at Engkish    ( Cách 1 dùng thể phủ định is à weren’t)
                                Hoặc:  Lan wishes she were good at English       ( Cách 2 dùng từ trái nghĩa bad à good)
Một số từ trái nghĩa:
            bad à good                            hot à warm / cool                 tired à well / fine      
            difficult à easy                      short à tall                            long à short
            heavy à light                         expensive à cheap                 slow / slowly à quick / quickly
            lazy à hard – working                      urgly à beautiful                   old à new (vật)/ young (người)
            thin à fat (người) / thick (vật)                                                                      
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of verb in parentheses
  1. I wish  I ( live) ……………. near my school.           
  2. I wish  I ( know) ……………. her address.
  3. I wish  I ( be ) ……………. taller.                            
  4. I wish I (meet) ……………..her now
  5. She wishes her father ( be ) ……………. here now to help her.
  6. I wish  I ( have ) ……………………….. more time to do this  job.
  7. The teacher wishes you ( work )…………. more than (talk )………………….
  8. I wish I ( not live )…………………….. in such a noisy city.
  9. I wish I (have )……………………. enough  money to buy this book.
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
Ví dụ: I don’t know many English words. à I wish I knew many English words.
  1. I don’t have time to go around the city.
  2. à I wish...................................................................................................................................................
  3. We don’t have a computer therefore we cannot get access to the Internet.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.
àI wish ...................................................................................................................................................
  1. My friend doesn’t have money to repair his bicycle.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................................................
  1. My students don’t speak English fluently.
àI wish ...............................................................................
  1. My students write lessons slowly.
à I wish ..........................................................................................
  1. The exercises are long.
à I wish ...........................................................................................................
  1. The film is boring.
à I wish ..................................................................................................................
  1. The weather is very hot today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My motorcycle is very old.
à I wish .....................................................................................................
  1. Everybody in our village is poor.
à I wish ...........................................................................................
  1. My son plays video games during the day.
à I wish .............................................................................
  1. He gets up late for class today.
à I wish ...............................................................................................
  1. My family live in a small house.
à I wish .............................................................................................
  1. This student doesn’t go to school on time.
à I wish .................................................................................
  1. Many people in Viet Nam don’t have a house.
à I wish .......................................................................
EXERCISE: Rewrite sentences, using “I wish...”
  1. I’m sorry I don’t have much money. à I wish....................................................................................
  2. What a pity Mary doesn’t understand me.   àI wish................................................ ......................
  3. I’m sorry I get bad marks.  à I wish......................................................
  4. What a pity the weather isn’t fine today. à I wish.........................................................................
  5. Sorry I forget your birthday à I wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  6. My mother never has an interesting party. à I wish ………………………………………………………………………………………
  7. My father is sick today (well)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  8. These exercises are very long (short)à  We wish ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. My students are very lazy (hard working)à I wish …………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. Her bicycle is old (new) à She wishes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

USED TO / BE USED TO
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, không còn lưu lại ở hiện tại:

S + used to + V0

 
  1. Diễn tả một thói quen hay một sự thích nghi ở hiện tại  

S + be / get used to + Ving

 
  1. Khi viết lại câu chuyển từ quá khứ đơn sang used to ta chuyển động từ từ quá khứ đơn “V2 / ed sang động từ nguyên mẫu và bỏ các trạng từ chỉ thời gian (always , usually, often …)nếu có
Ví dụ:  I sometimes went to the market with my grandma when I was young.
       à I used to go to the market with my grandma when I was young

EXERCISE: Use “used to” or “be used to”
 
1. They are used to /used to go to Da lat in Summer.
2. They are used to / used to playing soccer in the park.
3. I am used  to / used to getting up early.
4. Tom is used to / used to .do his homework in the evening.
5. Lan is used to / used to writing to Maryam.
6. He is used to / used to work at night.
7. Did they use to /Are they used to watching T.V?
8. Is she used to / Did she use to playing badminton?
9. My father is used to / used to come home late.
10. She is used to / used to go swimming in the afternoon.

EXERCISE: Rewrite the following sentences with “used to”:
 
  1. They lived in Ha Noi some years ago.à ………………………………………………
  2. John stopped smokingà ……………………………………………………………………………
  3. Miss Chi taught us English when we were students à ……………………………………………………
  1. Ronaldo was a football player 10 years agoà …………………………………………………………
  2. My father often took me to the city when I was a child
à ……………………………………………………………………………
 
  1. He was a secretary for my companyà ………………………………………………………
7. Linda is no longer late in class.à Linda used………………………………………………………
8. Her brother no longer smokes cigarettes. à Her brother used …………………………………………
9. He often fed the pigs when he was young.      à He used ………………………………………………
10. This city had old buildings, but none can be found nowadays.
 à There used ………………………………………………………
EXERCISE: Use the correct form of the verbs:  
 
  1. He used to (eat) ______________ . dinner at 5 o’clock
  2. When I was young, I used to (swim) _______________
  3. He used to (like) ______________ her , but he doesn’t any more.
  4. Don’t worry. Some day you will get used to (speak) ______________ English.
  5. She can’t get used to (study) ________________
  6. He used to (dance) ______________ every night, but now he studies.
  7. She is used to (sleep) _________________ late on weekends.
  8. Mary is used to  (eat) ________________ Chinese food now.
  9. She finally got used to (eat) _______________ our food.
  10. John is used to (swim) ________________ every day.
  11. George is used to (eat) __________________ at 7:oo pm
  12. We (got used to (cook) _________________ our own food when we had to live alone.
  13. Mary was used to (drive) _________________ to school
  14. I have tried but I can’t get used to  (live) ____________ with such a man.
  15. I found it hard to get used to (work) ______________ with him at first.
  16. These foods are used to (feed) ________________ the animals.
  17. The man is used to (read) ________________ his newspaper in the morning.
  18. The government used to (restrict )________________ these pills.
  19. John was used to …………..(eat) at noon when he started school .
  20. We used to …………….. (eat ) breakfast at six o’clock.
  21. When Mary was young . She used to …………...(swim) every day.
  22. Ben used to ………..…(like) Helen, but he doesn’t any more.
  23. Don’t worry. Some day you will be used to ………..(speak) Span.
  24. Mai can’t be used to ………………(work)
  25. Peter used to …………..…(dance) every night ,but now he studies.
  26. Hoa is used to ………..…(sleep) late on weekends.

TEST YOURSELF 1
<I>     Pronunciation.
 Find the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced different from the others
1/ a. invite                                           b. pick                      c. ticket               d. kitchen
2/ a. lock                                  b. shock                    c. block               d. program
3/ a. bad                                    b. sad                       c. day                  d. catch
4/ a. greet                                b. teeth                                 c. deer                d. knee
5/ a. sign                                  b. high                      c. sit                    d. mind
<II>  Find the one choice that best completes the sentences
  <A> Vocabulary.
6/ I love this city ! The sights  of it make a deep _____  on me.
   a. impress                             b. impressed                c. impressing               d. impression
7/ Miss Hoa is very ______. She goes to church every morning.
  a. religious                             b. religiously               c. religion                    d. religioner
8/ My pen-pal and I have corresponded for over 2 years and we really enjoy our______   
   a. friend                                b. friendly                    c. friendship                d. friendily
9/ The ______ religion of Mala